Changes in Animals | Animals and their Young Ones | Life Cycle of Animals Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Basic Science and Technology

Last Updated on July 18, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

BASIC SCIENCE (BST)

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 3 

BASIC 4 

THEME – CHANGES IN NATURE 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Changes in Plants and Life Cycle of Common Plants Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Basic Science and Technology

 

 

TOPIC CHANGES IN ANIMALS 

 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Introductory Activities

2. Identification of Different Animals

3. Animals and their Young Ones

4. Changes in Animals

5. Life Cycle of Common Animals

6. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:

1. observe and describe changes in different animals;

2. mention the names of the young ones of different animals;

3. state the major reasons for the observed changes;

4. draw and label the life cycle of some common animals. 

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can identify and state different stage of some growing animals

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of –

1. a chart of life cycle of some insects e.g. house fly;

2. specimens of the young ones of some common animals e.g. cockroach, toad, housefly and their young ones e.g. nymph, tadpole respectively.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION 

Teacher’s Activities – Display chart showing different stages of growing animal (goat) for the pupils to arrange and identify types of changes that occurred.

Pupil’s Activities – Arrange the stages of growing animals (goat) in order. The changes that occurred in growing animal is a permanent change.

Teacher’s remark – Correct. The process of a baby animal growing into an adult is called a permanent change. Discuss in details the changes in growing animals. Summary the lesson on the board.

 

CHANGES IN ANIMALS

There are animals around us.

Animals change in different ways as they grow. Some change in size, body parts (new structure), shape and color.

Some grow to like their parents. Others are not.

These change may very little or much.

The change in animals as they grow is called life cycle.

 

ANIMALS AND THEIR YOUNG ONES 

Guide the pupils to match animals with their young ones.

Goat  –  Kid

Dog  –  Puppy

Duck  –  Duckling

Frog  –  Tadpole

Horse  –  Colt

Lion/Tiger  –  cub

Cat  –  kitten

Pig  –  Piglet

Rabbit  –  Kit

Sheep  –  Lamb

Donkey  –  Foal

Butterfly  –  Caterpillar

Monkey  –  Infant

Fish  –  Fry

Cow/Elephant/Giraffe/Buffalo –  Calf

 

ASSIGNMENT

Find out the change that occurred in a hen and a goat.

 

LESSON 2 – LIFE CYCLE OF A HEN AND A GOAT 

Teacher’s Activities – Display two charts showing a hen (male and female) and a goat (male and female) respectively for the children to identify and differentiate the stage of each growing animal.

Pupil’s Activities – Respond to the

Teacher’s remark – Listen to the pupil’s responses and guide them to represent each stages of a growing hen and goat on the board while the pupils represent in their exercise books.

 

LIFE CYCLE OF A HEN

Adult

Eggs

Embryo

Hatchling

Chick

Adults

 

LIFE CYCLE OF A GOAT

Adult

Baby

Adult

 

ASSIGNMENT

Find out the changes in a butterfly.

 

LESSON 3 – LIFE CYCLE OF AN INSECTS (BUTTERFLY)

 

Adult

Eggs

Pupa

Larva

Adult

 

ASSIGNMENT

Find out the change in a burning candle.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Uses the chart to initiate class discussion on the life cycle of some Insects. 

Pupil’s Activities – Identify and name the young ones of different animals.

3. Guides pupils to identify and name the young ones of animals; describes the differences between these young ones and their adult members. 

Pupil’s Activities – Compare the young ones with their adults and state reasons for the observed difference;

4. Guides pupils to draw the life cycles of Insects – butterfly.

Pupil’s Activities – Draw the life-cycle of some insects.  

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Changes in Non Living Things (Primary 4)

 

LESSON EVALUATION/ASSIGNMENT 

Ask pupils to:

1. give the names of the young ones of the different animals;

2. describe changes in different animals;

3. state the reasons for the observed changes;

4. draw and label the life cycle of a butterfly and chicken.

 

 

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