Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.
TOPIC: Prefix and Suffix
A prefix is a group of letters placed before a word. A suffix is a group of letters placed after a word. Prefix and suffix change the original meaning of the word. For example – Happy. Prefix – unhappy. Suffix – happily.
- By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:
- identify prefix and suffix;
- use prefix and suffix in making sentences.
- The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
- Course book
- Real objects
- Scheme of Work
- 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
- Course Books
- All Relevant Materials
- Online Materials
Related posts: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs. Scheme of work – first term – second term – third term. Seventh week lesson outline.
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
TYPES/IDENTIFICATION OF PREFIX AND SUFFIX
De means from, down, away, reverse, opposite… Examples are decrease, devalue, dethrone, detain, de-emphasis, decode, deactivate, etc.
Dis means not, opposite, reverse, away... Examples are discover, discourage, disconnect, disagree, discontinue, disappear, disregard, disrespect, etc.
Ex means out of, away from, lacking, former… Examples are exhale, exchange, ex-president, explosion, export, express, extention, etc.
Il means not. Examples are illegal, illiterate, illogical, etc.
Im means not, without. Examples are impossible, illicit improper, illuminate, informal, etc.
In means not, without. Examples are inspire, indolent, inaction, inaccurate, invisible, ingrate ingratitude, etc.
Mis means bad, wrong. Examples are misinformation, mismanagement, misunderstanding, mislead, mistake, misconduct, misconception, misplace, etc.
Non means not. Examples are nonfiction, nonsense, nonetheless, nonsense,
Re means again, back. Examples are reassure, replay, restart, refresh, react, reformat, reboot, reappear, etc.
Un means against, not, opposite. Examples are unnecessary, unless, undo, untrue, unknown, unbeatable, unbelief, unequal, uncertain, unusual, unrest, unrelated, unreasonable, etc.
able means able to, having the quality of. Examples are reasonable, comfortable, agreeable, portable, adorable, believable, fashionable, etc.
al mean relating to. Examples are annual, professional, alphabetical, mathematical, etc.
er means comparative. Examples are smaller, sooner, thinner, ticker, brighter, bigger, stranger, stronger, etc.
est means superlative. Examples are smallest, biggest, strongest, brightest, tiniest, prettiest, laziest, etc.
ful means full of. Examples are grateful, beautiful, powerful, colourful, peaceful, faithful, disregardful, meaningful, truthful, etc.
ing denoting an action, a material, or a gerund. Examples are going, singing, clapping, running, acting, coming, showing, etc.
less means without, not affected by. Examples are speechless, friendless, heartless, senseless, tireless, nameless, spotless, etc.
ly forming an adjective. Examples are lovely, clearly, honestly, hourly, daily, weekly, monthly, annually, etc.
ness denoting a state or condition. Examples are goodness, kindness, bitterness, carelessness, wilderness, etc.
Exercises 1 – Fill in the prefixes (dis, im, re, il, pre, un) and suffixes (ful, able, al, ly, y, ion)
- _____ like _____
- _____ cover _____
- _____ success _____
- _____ logic _____
- _____ act _____
- _____ predict _____
- _____ luck _____
- _____ new _____
- _____ reason _____
- _____ trust _____
- _____ equal _____
- _____ proper _____
- _____ order _____
- _____ connect _____
Exercises 2 – Put the words in brackets in the appropriate form (use a prefixes or a suffixes):
- Tosin looked _______________________. He started to cry. (happy)
- Chichi passed his exam. She was _______________________ for the second time. (succeed)
- Segun wants to be a _______________________ when he grows up. (mathematics)
- The road was too narrow, so they had to _______________________ it. (wide)
- Ade was acting in a very _______________________ way. (child).
- To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
- To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
- Explains prefix and suffix;
- Guides pupils to identify prefix and suffix;
- Pupil’s Activities – Identify prefix and suffix.
- Guides pupils to use prefix and suffix in sentences;
- Pupil’s Activities – Use prefix and suffix in making sentences
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – Exclamations and Interjections
- identify prefix and suffix in sentences;
- make correct use of prefix and suffix.