BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
THEME – LIVING COMPONENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT
PREVIOUS LESSON – FIRST TERM EXAMINATION LINKS FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS
TOPIC: THE HUMAN REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
1. The Meaning of Reproduction
2. The Structure and Function of Male Reproductive Organs
3. The Structure and Function of Female Reproductive Organs
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:
1. explain reproduction in human beings;
2. identify the male and female reproductive organs;
3. state the functions of the male and female reproductive organs.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of charts or models of male and female reproductive organs.
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
Basic Science and Technology for Basic 6
Foundation Basic Science and Technology for Basic 6
All Relevant Materials
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION
Teacher’s/Pupil’s Discussion How Animals Reproduce their Young Ones
All animals reproduce their young ones sexually. This happens when a male and a female animal of the same type mate.
After mating, the female may lay eggs as in the case of chickens, ducks and other animals like fishes, insects and frogs. These eggs later hatch into young animals.
In other animals like goats, cows, dogs, etc., after the male and the female mate, the female carries the pregnancy and later gives birth to the young animal alive.
Teacher’s remark – Like other living things, human beings reproduce. It’s what keeps the population going. In humans, this happens when the male and female reproductive systems work together to make a baby.
In this week lesson, we are going to be learning the human reproductive system.
LESSON TWO – MEANING OF REPRODUCTION
Teacher’s /Pupil’s Discussion on Reproduction
What is reproduction?
Reproduction is the process by which a living organism produces its young ones or likeness.
PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 3 – EXAMINE THE TWO CHARTS
Teacher’s remark – The two charts represent the human reproductive system in both male and female. The charts below represent the structure of human reproductive system.
MALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGAN
It functions to produce sperms and transfer it to the female reproductive organ to get fertilized and produce the new one of their kind.
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGAN
It functions in producing ovum (eggs) and when get fuse with the male gamete (sperms), produces the young ones and nurture it till the full growth before birth.
LESSON EVALUATION/ASSIGNMENT – DRAW AND LABEL MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS
LESSON 3 – FUNCTIONS OF MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Functions of Male and female Reproductive Systems
Functions of Male Reproductive System
1. Produce sperm.
1. Transfer sperms to the ovum.
Functions of Female Reproductive System
1. Produce ovum (eggs)
2. Receive and fertilize the male sperm.
3. Support the development of the growing embryo.
4. To provide nourishment to the infants (newborn) by secreting milk in mammary glands (breast).
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Asks pupils to briefly discuss how the animals reproduce their young ones (as learnt in primary 5).
Pupil’s activities – Briefly discuss how the animals reproduce their young ones.
3. Guides pupils to explain what is reproduction.
Pupil’s Activities – Explain what reproduction is.
4. Asks pupils to examine and identify male and female reproductive systems.
Pupil’s Activities – Identify the male and female reproductive systems.
5. Tells pupils to draw and label male and female reproductive systems.
Pupil’s Activities – Drawing and labeling male and female reproductive systems.
6. Discusses the functions of male and female reproductive systems.
Pupil’s Activities – State the functions of male and female reproductive systems.
7. Classroom Note – as noted in each activities.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – responsible parenthood.
1. explain the meaning of reproduction in human beings;
2. mention the various organs of male and female reproductive system;
3. draw and label male and female reproductive systems;
4. state the functions of the organs of male and female reproductive system.