Animals Pests and Disease Control Basic 8 (JSS 2)

Last Updated on July 16, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

AGRICULTURE

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL 2

TOPIC – ANIMAL PESTS AND DISEASE CONTROL

LEARNING AREA

1. Farm Animals Diseases

2. Mode of Transmission

3. Symptoms of Farm Animals Diseases

4. Effects of Diseases on Farm Animals

5. Methods of Prevention and Control

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. list farm animal diseases.

2. state modes of transmission of farm animal diseases.

3. identify symptoms of farm animal diseases.

4. state effects of diseases on the farm animals.

5. state some methods of prevention and control.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Farm Animals

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Pictures and charts of diseases of farm animals, disease organisms.

2. Preserved specimens of diseases causing organisms.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

6. Classes and Uses of Farm Animals Basic 7 (JSS 1)

7. Animals Feeds and Feeding Tools Basic 8 (JSS 2)

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

FARM ANIMAL DISEASES 

Farm animal diseases are illness unhealthy or abnormal condition in the body of farm animals. These illnesses result in changes in the well-being of these animals.

 

TYPES OF FARM ANIMAL DISEASES

A. BACTERIA

1. Mastisis

2. Contagious abortion in ruminants, pigs, etc.

 

B. Fungal

Ring worm (all farm animals)

 

C. Viral

Foot and mouth diseases (all animals except poultry).

 

D. Protozoan

1. Coccidiosis in poultry and rabbit.

2. Prypanosomiasis – nagana (cattle).

 

E. Worms (all farm animals)

 

F. Nutritional

Bloat (cattle)

 

 

MODES OF TRANSMISSION OF FARM ANIMAL DISEASES 

1. Contact with the infected animals

2. Contact with discharges

3. Vector (tsetse fly), etc.

 

SYMPTOMS OF FARM ANIMAL DISEASES

The symptoms of farm animals diseases of farm animal diseases include –

1. Enlarged udder

2. Sores

3. High fever

4. Blood stained

5. Diarrhea

6. Loss of weight

7. Loss of hair

8. Reduced productivity

9. Abortion

10. Death

 

 

EFFECTS OF DISEASES ON FARM ANIMALS 

1. Reduce productivity

2. Loss of appetite

3. Loss of weight

4. Death

 

METHODS OF PREVENTION AND CONTROL 

1. Adopting good sanitation practices

2. Medication/immunization

3. Isolation/disposal etc

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions;

2. Displays pictures and charts of  disease organisms and  dead animals.

Student’s Activities – Guided discussion on animal disease causing organisms and disease symptoms.

3. Develops charts on casual organisms, symptoms and animals affected.

Student’s Activities – Observe charts and pictures and familiarize themselves with the symptoms and animals affected.

4. Invites veterinary personnel as a guest speaker.

Student’s Activities – Listen and ask questions. Carry out good sanitation practices on the school farm animals.

5. Teacher’s/Student’s Activities – Visit abattoir to observe meat inspection.

6. Give a board summary.

Student’s Activities – Copy board summary.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Students to:

1. list five farm animal diseases.

2. mention four organisms that cause farm animal diseases.

3. state four modes of transmission of farm animal diseases.

4. describe three symptoms of farms animal diseases.

5. state three methods of prevention/control of farm animal diseases.

 

 

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