Last Updated on July 16, 2020 by Alabi M. S.
BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL
THEME – LIVING AN NON LIVING THINGS
TOPIC – ACTIVITIES OF LIVING THINGS
1. Meaning of Living Things
2. Activities/Characteristics of Living Things
3. Associated Organs
4. Purposes/Importance of the Activities
By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –
1. identify the various activities of living things.
2. mention the organs associated with the various activities.
3. explain the purposes for the various activities.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Video films
4. Live specimens of plants and animals.
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
Relevant link… Characteristics and Importance of Living Things – Different Between Plants and Animals Basic 7 (JSS 1)
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
Living things include many kinds of organisms – the plants, animals, fungi, etc. that can be readily seen in nature or with a microscope.
Living things can be found in every type of habitat on Earth – on land and in lakes, rivers, and oceans. Although all these organisms are very different from one another but have similar characteristics.
ACTIVITIES/CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS
The activities of living things are –
1. Movement – Living things like man, dogs, goats, etc. move from one place to another on their own. Forms of movements include, walking, running, jumping, swimming, and flying. Plants also moved but not like man and animals. They move according to stimuli, move towards light and water.
2. Sensitivity/Irritation – Living things respond to conditions around them. For example, cold, heat, etc.
3. Respiration – All living things respire. Take in oxygen and give out carbon dioxide. Plants take in carbon dioxide and give out oxygen.
4. Nutrition – Living things feed on different nutritional foods for growth and development.
5. Growth – All living things grow in height, size and weight. Plants continue to grow throughout their life time while man and animals stop at a certain stage of life.
6. Reproduction – All living things have the ability to produce their young ones. Man and animals release waste in form of urine, carbon oxide, sweat, etc. While plants also do the same in form of water, gum, etc.
7. Excretion – This is the ability to remove waste from the body.
8. Death – When living things are unable to carry out all these activities, they are said to be death.
1. Movement – Hands, Legs, Winds and Fins.
2. Sensitivity/Irritation – Eyes, nose, skin, tongue and ears.
3. Respiration – Nose, mouth, and skin.
4. Nutrition – Mouth
5. Growth – The whole body.
6. Reproduction – The reproductive organs.
7. Excretion – The productive organs, the anus and the skin.
PURPOSE/IMPORTANCE OF THE ACTIVITIES
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions;
2. Takes students for nature walk to observe activities of living things.
Student’s Activities – Observe living things.
3. Initiates and guides discussions on activities of living things.
Student’s Activities – Participate in class discussion.
4. Shows films illustrating activities e.g. movement, feeding, reproduction, etc.
Student’s Activities – Watch films.
5. Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Copy the summary on the board.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
1. list five activities of living things.
2. name the organs associated with these activities.
3. state the purpose of the activities.