Traffic Rules and Regulation, Road Signs and Traffic Lights Basic 7 (JSS 1)

Last Updated on July 16, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

SOCIAL STUDIES

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

SECOND TERM  

JSS 1

THEME – SOCIAL AND HEALTH ISSUES 

TOPIC – TRAFFIC SIGNS, RULES AND REGULATIONS 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Meaning of Traffic Rules and Regulations

2. Road Signs and Traffic Lights

3. Meaning and Causes of Road Accidents

4. Reasons for obeying Traffic Rules

5. Functions of Agencies Enforcing Traffic Rules

6. Problems and Solutions to Traffic Regulations

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. Explain the meaning of traffic regulations and the need for them.

2. List importance of road traffic signs and draw them.

3. Explain how and why we should obey traffic regulations.

4. Identify some agencies enforcing traffic regulations.

5. Discuss the problems of traffic regulations and their solutions.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Newspapers and magazine articles

2. Radio and TV and internet

3. Documentaries.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

MEANING TO TRAFFIC REGULATION 

Traffic regulations are the rules and regulations made for the control of goods, people and vehicles on our roads. It is designed for the safety of the people using the roads.

 

ROAD SIGNS AND TRAFFIC LIGHTS 

Traffic lights 

1. Stop – Red colour

2. Get ready – Amber colour

3. Go – Green colour

 

 

T – junction

 

 

Stop

 

No U – turn

 

 

No stopping, no parking, no waiting, no trading

 

 

 

 

Bend signs

 

 

Zebra crossing

 

There are signs, which show hospitals, schools where drivers are to slow down. Other includes – general danger sign, children crossing, road work, blind people drive carefully, give way, pedestrian crossing, countdown sign and Y junction.

 

REASONS FOR OBEYING TRAFFIC REGULATIONS

1. Help to check over speeding.

2. Reduce accidents on roads.

3. Drivers will behave well on the road.

4. Smooth flow of vehicles, etc.

 

WAYS OF OBEYING TRAFFIC REGULATIONS 

1. Regular maintenance of vehicles

2. Slowing down at zebra crossing

3. Avoid over speeding

4. Respect traffic sign

5. Trustfulness

6. Straight forwardness

7. Self respect

8. Obedience.

 

 

TRAFFIC AGENCIES 

Agencies that enforce traffic regulations are –

1. Traffic police

2. Traffic wardens

3. Road safety Corp

4. Road Marshals trained by the Federal Road Safety Commission.

5. Mobile court

6. Vehicle Inspection Officer (V. I. O.)

7. LASTMA

8. Drivers

9. Union, etc.

 

FUNCTIONS OF AGENCIES ENFORCING TRAFFIC REGULATIONS 

1. Preventing or minimizing accidents on the roads.

2. Clearing obstructions on any part of the roads.

3. Educating drivers, motorists and other members of the public generally on the proper use of the roads.

4. The standardization of road traffic codes.

5. Giving prompt attention and care to victims of accidents.

6. Regulating the use of mobile phones by motorists.

7. Regulating the use of seat belts and other safety devices.

8. Regulating the use of motorcycles on the roads.

9. Arrest and prosecute persons suspected of having committed any traffic offence.

 

 

CAUSES OF ROAD ACCIDENTS 

Accident is an unplanned or unexpected events which result in injury or destroy of lives and property.

One of the major causes of road accidents is not obeying traffic signs, rules and regulations.

The consequences of not obeying traffic signs, rules and regulations can lead to minor or severe injury, causing temporary and permanent damage to the body, destroy lives and damage parts/whole of the vehicles.

 

PROBLEMS OF TRAFFIC REGULATIONS

1. Bad roads

2. Corruption

3. Negligence of duty

4. Ignorance

5. Bad weather

6. Impatient

7. Poor roads maintenance

8. Poor condition of vehicles

9. Abandonment of vehicles on the road.

 

SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEMS OF TRAFFIC REGULATIONS

Solutions to the problems include the following:

1. Regular maintenance of our roads by the government.

2. Regular patrol of roads by traffic officers.

3.bImposition of fines on traffic offenders.

4. Regular vehicle inspection.

5. Removal of bad vehicles from the roads.

6. Prosecution of hawkers on the roads.

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions;

2. Helps the pupils to define the meaning of traffic regulations and points out the need for them;

Student’s Activities – Explain the meaning of traffic regulations and points out the need for them.

3. Invites a resource person to talk on pupils on Highway Code and signs;

Student’s Activities – Look at the traffic signs and draw them. Listen to the resources persons.

4. Asks pupils related questions;

Student’s Activities – Answer teacher’s questions.

Explain the meaning of traffic regulations and the need for them.

5. Explain how and why we should obey traffic regulations.

Student’s Activities – Listen to the teacher’s explanation.

6. Identify some agencies enforcing traffic regulations.

Student’s Activities – List some of agencies enforcing traffic regulations.

7. Discuss the problems of traffic regulations and their solutions.

Student’s Activities – Take part in the discussion.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Students to:

1. Explain the meaning of traffic regulations and the need for them.

2. List 5 importance of road traffic signs and draw them.

3. Explain how and why we should obey traffic regulations.

4. Identify 5 agencies enforcing traffic regulations.

5. Discuss the problems of traffic regulations and their solutions.

 

 

 

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