Meaning of Safety and Accidents | Causes of Accident and Objects that Causes Accident | Prevention of Accident | Some Safety Devices | Primary 5 (Basic 5) and Primary 6 (Basic 6) – Basic Technology

Last Updated on April 19, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

 

BASIC TECHNOLOGY

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

THIRD TERM

WEEK 3

WEEK 2/PRIMARY 6

WEEK 3/PRIMARY 5

THEME – UNDERSTANDING BASIC TECHNOLOGY 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning and Uses of Materials (Types) Primary 5

 

TOPIC – SAFETY AND ACCIDENTS 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Meaning of Safety

2. Causes of Accident and Objects that Causes Accident

3. Prevention of Accident

4. Some Safety Devices

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. define safety;

2. state two causes of accident;

3. state some objects that causes accident;

4. Mention three prevention of accident;

5. list some safety devices.

 

RATIONALE

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

The pupils can identify and state different safety devices.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Safety devices

2. Apron

3. Boots

 

 

4. Hand gloves

5. Eye shield

6. Reflective caution triangle

7. Road Safety Manual.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

Relevant links:

Meaning of Safety and Accidents – ASEI PDSI METHOD (Primary 5)

Third Term Scheme of Work and Plan Lesson Note for Basic Science and Technology Primary 4, Primary 5 and Primary 6 Links

 

WRITING INSTRUCTION 

Copy as I write or draw as I write. This instruction should be given when you need the pupils to write or draw.

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION

Teacher’s Activities – Display samples or chart showing some of the safety devices for the pupils to identify and state their uses.

Pupil’s Activities – Response to the teacher’s questions.

Teacher’s Remark – The following materials are called safety devices. They are very important for the safety of our lives and properties. Lead and guide the pupils to define safety. Note their on the board for writing.

 

MEANING OF SAFETY

Safety means keeping yourself and others free from harm or danger. That’s being careful not to fall, bump or run into things.

 

SAFETY DEVICES 

1. Fire extinguishers

2. Apron

3. Boots

4. Hand gloves

5. Eye shield or goggles

6. Caution signs

7. Seat belts

8. Road signs -zebra crossing

9. Face masks,

10. Dust masks

11. Hearing protection

 

QUICK EVALUATION 

Ask the pupils –

1. What is safety?

2. State 5 safety devices.

 

ASSIGNMENT 

Find out the meaning of accident with appropriate examples.

 

LESSON 2 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES 

Teacher’s Activities – Display chart showing different form of accidents for the pupils to identify and guide them discuss common accident.

Pupil’s Activities – Response to the teacher’s questions.

Teacher’s Remark – Accidents are not good things. All forms of accidents can destroy lives and properties if not properly check and control. Guide the pupils to define accidents. Note their on the board for writing.

 

MEANING OF ACCIDENT

Accidents are unplanned or unexpected events that happen to human beings.

 

 

Accidents can happen everywhere, for example, in the schools, homes, roads and markets.

 

COMMON ACCIDENTS 

1. Falling objects

2. Bruises

3. Cuts

4. Burns

5. Poisoning

6. Drowning

7. Choking

8. Electric Shock

 

QUICK EVALUATION 

Ask the pupils –

1. What is accident?

2. State 5 common accidents.

 

ASSIGNMENT 

Find out 5 causes of accident.

 

LESSON TWO – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES 

Teacher’s Activities – Display chart showing some of the common accidents for the pupils to identify and state their causes.

Pupil’s Activities – Response to the teacher’s questions.

Teacher’s Remark – Listen to the pupils, comment and note their on the board for writing.

 

CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS 

At home 

1. Running or playing football on a slippery floor.

2. A leaking gas cylinder.

 

 

3. Children playing with matches.

4. Use of naked light near a petrol container.

5. Careless use of boiling rings.

6. Leaving water taps open when there is no water.

 

In the school 

1. Slippery football field.

2. Use of naked electric wire in laboratories and classrooms.

3. Failure to keep the school premises clean and tidy.

 

QUICK EVALUATION 

Ask the pupils to state 5 causes of accidents –

1. At home.

2. In the school.

 

ASSIGNMENT 

Find out the objects that causes of accidents as above discussed.

 

LESSON 3 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES 

Teacher’s Activities – Display some of the objects that causes accidents for the pupils to identify and state the accidents caused by each object.

Pupil’s Activities – Response to the teacher’s questions.

Teacher’s Remark – The identified objects are objects that causes different accidents. Note their on the board for writing and discuss how to prevent accidents.

 

OBJECTS THAT CAUSES ACCIDENT 

1. Broken bottles or plastic

2. Nail

3. Knife

4. Blade

5. Broken chair or table

6. Broken glass

7. Naked wire

 

PREVENTION OF ACCIDENTS 

At home

1. Do not allow children to run around on slippery floors.

2. Help old people to climb and descend staircases.

 

 

3. Children should not operate gas cylinders.

4. Keep all medicines out of reach of children.

5. Disconnect all electrical appliances when not in use.

6. Always lock water taps when not in use.

 

In the school 

1. Do not play on waterlogged football field.

2. Keep the school compound clean and tidy always.

3. All electrical connections in the laboratory should be done under the supervision of the science teacher.

 

QUICK EVALUATION 

1. Mention 5 objects that causes accidents.

2. State 3 way of preventing accidents at home.

3. State 3 way of preventing accidents in the school.

 

ASSIGNMENT 

Find out the meaning of maintenance.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Discusses the meaning of safety and accidents with the pupils by citing instance where safety is required.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the class discussion.

3. Asks pupils the causes of accident at home and in the school.

Pupil’s Activities – State the causes of accident at home and in the school.

4. Asks pupils how to prevent accidents at home and in the school.

Pupil’s Activities – Discuss how to prevent accidents at home and in the school.

5. Lets the pupils identify and discuss safety’s devices on the chart.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify and discuss safety’s devices on the chart.

6. Summarizes the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Meaning and Importance of Maintenance Primary 5 (Basic 5) – Basic Technology Plan Lesson Note.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Ask pupils to:

1. define safety and accident.

2. list at least three objects (each) that causes accident at home and in the school.

 

 

3. state three (3) causes of accident (each) at home and in the school.

4. list at least four (4) safety devices.

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT

 

1. Safety means keeping yourself and others free from harm or danger.

2. Accidents are unplanned or unexpected events that happen to human beings.

3. _______________ is not one of the safety devices.

A. Position

B. Glove

C. Bag

 

4. _______________ are unplanned or unexpected events that happen to human beings.

 

Accidents can happen everywhere. State 3 places where accidents can take place.

5.

6.

7.

 

8. Slippery floor can cause _______________.

A. Safety

 

 

B. Accidents

C. Protection

 

9. State 5 objects that caused accidents.

  • _______________
  • _______________
  • _______________
  • _______________
  • _______________

 

10. Avoiding playing on a slippery floor is _______________.

A. safety device

B. prevention of accident

C. causes of accident

 

 

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