Vocabulary Acquisition – Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms (Primary 1)

Last Updated on May 17, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

 

ENGLISH STUDIES

FIRST TERM

SECOND TERM

THIRD TERM

WEEK 

PRIMARY 1 

THEME – ENGLISH GRAMMAR 

PREVIOUS LESSON – 

 

TOPIC – VOCABULARY ACQUISITION

 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning and Examples of Synonyms

3. Meaning and Examples of Antonyms

4. Meaning and Examples of Homonyms

5. Making Sentences with Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms

6. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. explain the concept of synonyms and antonyms.

2. identify antonyms and synonyms correctly in own speech and in written text and stories and

3. identify homonyms.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

The pupils can identify the opposite of up, boy, go, etc.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Short books

2. Text books

 

 

3. Picture books

4. Word cards

5. Poems

6. Dictionaries.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING 

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

VOCABULARY ACQUISITION 1 – ANTONYMS

Teacher’s Activities – Display charts showing words and their opposites for the pupils to identify and demonstrate. For example, pictures of open and close door/window, plus and minus, big object and small object, etc.

Pupil’s Activities – Word – open/opposite – close, etc.

Teacher’s remark – Correct, you have done a great job. Words and opposites are known as antonyms. Explain antonyms in details and guides pupils to identify words with opposite meaning. Note the words on the board.

 

MEANING AND EXAMPLES OF ANTONYMS

Antonyms are words with opposite meaning.

For examples,

  • Happy        Sad
  • Hard           Soft
  • Heavy         Light
  • High            Low
  • In                 Out
  • Last             First
  • Laugh          Cry
  • Learn           Teach
  • Less             More
  • Lie                Truth
  • Long             Short

 

VOCABULARY ACQUISITION 1 – SYNONYMS

Teacher’s Activities – Display charts showing father, mother, small/big object, etc. for the pupils to say other word for each picture apart from the initial common word. For example, father – dad or daddy, mother – mom or mommy, small – little, etc.

Pupil’s Activities – Father/dad, mother/mommy, etc.

Teacher’s remark – Correct, you have done a great job. These words have similar meaning and they are known as synonyms. Explain synonyms in details and guides pupils to identify words with similar meaning. Note the words on the board.

 

MEANING AND EXAMPLES OF OF SYNONYMS

Synonyms are words with similar meaning.

For examples,

  • Big                large
  • Small            little
  • Father           dad
  • Mom             mother
  • Large             big
  • Little              small
  • Laugh            smile
  • More              plenty
  • Look               see
  • Female           lady
  • Male                guy

 

HOMONYMS

Homonyms are words with the spelling and pronunciation but different meaning.

For examples,

Change

  • to replace the clothes you are wearing with another outfit.
  • money given back after a purchase.

 

Chair

  •  an item of furniture.
  •  the head of a department.

 

Book

  • to reserve a hotel room or a table at a restaurant.
  • pages bound together with a cover.

 

For more examples, follow the link – yourdictionary.com

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Guides pupils to identify words with –

  • Similar meanings.

 

1

  • Opposite meanings.

Listen to the teacher’s explanations.

3. Gives the synonyms and antonyms of common words and

4. Identifies synonyms, antonyms and homonyms in stories.

Pupil’s Activities – Take turns to give the synonyms and antonyms of common words.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate in drill exercises.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Ask pupils to:

1. explain the concept of synonyms and antonyms and

2. identify antonyms and synonyms correctly in own speech and in written texts and stories.

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

 

1. ______________ are words with opposite meaning.

A. Homonyms

B. Synonyms

C. Antonyms

 

2. ______________ are words with similar meaning.

A. Homonyms

B. Synonyms

C. Antonyms

 

3. ______________ are words with the spelling and pronunciation but different meaning.

A. Homonyms

 

 

B. Synonyms

C. Antonyms

 

4. Synonyms are words with ______________ meaning.

A. similar

B. opposite

C. different

 

5. Antonyms are words with ______________ meaning.

A. similar

B. opposite

C. different

 

6. Homonyms are words with the spelling and pronunciation but ______________ meaning.

A. similar

B. opposite

C. different

 

7. Fill the gaps with antonyms.

  • Happy      ______________

 

 

  • ______________          Soft
  • Heavy        ______________

 

8. Fill the gaps with synonyms.

  • ______________               large
  • Small            ______________
  • ______________          dad

 

9. Fill the gaps with homonyms.

  • ______________ an item of furniture.
  • ______________ the head of a department.

 

 

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