Common Features of the Animals Found in the School Compound Primary 2 (Basic 2)

Last Updated on January 5, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

BASIC SCIENCE 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SECOND TERM  

WEEK 9

PRIMARY 2

THEME – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Common Animals in the Locality and School Compound Primary 2 (Basic 2)

 

TOPIC – COMMON FEATURES OF ANIMALS FOUND IN THE SCHOOL COMPOUND 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Common Features of Animals

  • Size
  • Numbers of Legs
  • Body Cover
  • Feeding
  • Movements
  • Where Animals Live

3. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Tests)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. observe and name the features of common animals in the school compound.

4. use the observable features to group the animals found in the school compound.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Domestic and Wild Animals

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Sample of some common animals, if available.

2. Charts and pictures of animals

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

WRITING INSTRUCTION 

Copy as I write or draw as I write. This instruction should be given when you need the pupils to write or draw.

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES 

Teacher’s Activities – Display sample or charts (pictures) of some common animals like chicken, snail, fish, crab and goat for the pupils to observe, compare and discuss their body cover.

Pupil’s Activities – The animals have the following body covers – feathers (chicken), hair (goat), scale (fish) and shell (crab and snail).

Teacher’s remark – Animals have different types of body cover as you mentioned. Body covers are one of the common features of animals in our locality. Give a great cheer for active participation.

Use charts or pictures to guide the pupils to observe and identify other features.

 

On board, copy as I write.

FEATURES OF COMMON ANIMALS FOUND IN THE SCHOOL COMPOUND

1. Body Cover

2. Size of Animals

3. Number of Legs

 

 

4. Feeding

5. Movements

6. Where Animals Live

 

On board, copy as I write.

1. BODY COVERS

Animals have different types of body cover –

1. Feathers

For example, chickens, birds, etc.

 

2. Hairs

For example, goats, cows, etc.

 

3. Scales

For example, fish, lizard, snake, etc.

 

4. Shells

For example, snails, crabs, tortoises, crayfish, etc.

 

2. SIZE OF COMMON ANIMALS

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Display chart showing animals of similar sizes (cow, elephant, hippopotamus, ant, fly and grasshopper) for the pupils to group as small and big animals. As mentioned by the pupils, write on board.

 

On board, copy as I write.

Animals are not the same in sizes. Some are big while other are small.

 

 

For example, cow, elephant, hippopotamus, horse, etc. are big animals. While ant, fly, grasshopper, mice, rat, etc. are small animals.

 

Note – Animals sizes depend on comparison. For example, some animals when compared with other animals can be small or big animals. For example, goat (big) and chicken (small), chicken (big) and rat (small), goat (goat) and cow (big), etc. 

 

3. NUMBERS OF LEGS

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Display chart showing animals with and without legs for the pupils to observe, count number of legs, state and group other animals based on the number of legs. As mentioned by the pupils, write on board.

 

On board, copy as I write.

Many animals have legs while some don’t have any.

For example, goat, chicken, rat, ant, etc. have legs. While snail, snake, fish, worm, etc. don’t have legs.

There are animals with two (2) or four (4) legs. While others have more two (2).

For example, chicken, duck, bird, etc. have two (2) legs. Cat, goat, dog, horse, etc. have four (4) legs. While spider, crab, mosquito, etc. have more than four (4) legs.

 

ASSIGNMENT

1. Find out the foods that’s eaten by the following animals – goats, chickens, fish, snakes, monkeys, grasshoppers, etc.

2. Find out 5 animals that live in water.

3. Find out 5 animals that live on land.

 

LESSON 2 – CONTINUATION 

4. ANIMALS FEEDING

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Questions and Answers – Mention the foods eaten by the following animals – goats, chickens, fish, snakes, monkeys, grasshoppers, etc. Write their answers on board.

 

On board, copy as I write.

All animals need food to survive. Some of them eat plants, other animals or themselves.

1. Animals that eat plants – goats, chickens, cow, monkeys, etc.

 

 

2. Animals that eat other animals – lions, eagles, snakes, fish, etc.

3. Animals that eat themselves – snakes, fish, etc.

 

Note – Some animals best food is themselves. Snake is a good example. 

 

5. MOVEMENT

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Display charts showing common animals like fish, snake, frog, goat, bird, etc. for the to identify and demonstrate how these animals move from one place to another. Guide and participate in the demonstration. Note some of the points on the board.

 

On board, copy as I write.

Movement means leaving one place to another place. Just like human beings, animals move from one place to another place by –

1. Walking

For example, goats, chickens, birds, crabs, etc.

 

2. Running

For example, goats, chickens, birds, crabs, etc.

 

3. Jumping

For example, frogs, toads, Kangaroo, grasshopper, etc.

 

4. Crawling

For example – snails, snakes, lizards, etc.

 

5. Hopping

For example – Kangaroos, frogs, rabbits, etc.

 

6. Flying

For example – birds

 

7. Swimming

For example – fish, frogs, toads, crocodiles, etc.

 

6. WHERE ANIMALS LIVES 

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Questions and Answers – Ask the pupils, where animals like – bird, fish and goat live? Use their response to continuous discussion on where other animals live and note points of discussion on the board.

 

On board, copy as I write.

Just like human beings, all animals have a place called home.

 

 

For example, fish lives in water, bird lives in a nest, crab live in a hole, lions live in a cave, etc.

 

REVISION AND WEEK LESSON ASSESSMENT 

As stated in performance objectives or lesson evaluation. 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Guides pupils to:

  • identifying the features of the animals.
  • group animals using observable features.

Pupil’s Activities – Observe, group and describe features of preserved animals. Make drawings of some animals.

3. Summarizes the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher write s.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Ask pupils to:

1. describe the features of animals.

2. group animals based on observed features.

 

 

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT

ATTEMPT ALL THE QUESTIONS

 

1. This is a bird.

A bird has ________ legs (2, 4, 6).

It can ________ (crawl, fly, swim).

 

2. This is a dog.

 

 

A dog lives on ________ (water, land, hole).

It can ________ (crawl, walk, swim).

 

3. This is a man.

A mam lives in a ________ (water, land, house).

He can ________ (crawl, walk, swim).

 

4. This is a snake.

The best food food for a snake is ________. (rat, snake, frog).

It has ________ legs (0, 2, 4)

 

6. This is an eagle.

It can ________ (crawl, fly, swim).

It eats ________ (bread, bean, chick).

 

7. This is a snail.

It has a ________ (feather, hair, shell) .

It has ________ legs (4, 2, 0).

 

8. This is a fish.

A fish eats ________ (earthworm, seeds, rat).

It can ________ (crawl, fly, swim).

 

9. This a goats.

 

 

A goat eats grass like ________ (fish, cow, bird).

It has 4 legs like ________ (dog, bird, spider).

 

10. This is a lion.

A lion has hair like ________ (bird, monkey, crab).

It eats other animals like ________ (snail, crayfish, crocodile).

 

 

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