Difference Between Traditional and Constitutional Government Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Civic Education

Last Updated on August 31, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

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CIVIC EDUCATION 

RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUE 

FIRST TERM

WEEK 6

PRIMARY 4

THEME: GOVERNMENT 

PREVIOUS LESSON – COMMUNALISM 

 

TOPIC – TYPES OF GOVERNMENT 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introduction

2. Meaning (Types) of Government

3. Differences Among Types of Government

  • Traditional and constitutional government
  • Monarch and Oligarchy
  • Presidential and parliamentary system of government

4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. explain types of government.

2. differentiate between the various types of government.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOURS

The pupils can differentiate between the president and the King.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

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1. Charts

2. Resource persons

3. Government institutions

4. Video chips

5. Nigerian Constitution.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

MEANING OF GOVERNMENT 

A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.

 

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TRADITIONAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT

1. Traditional government is a government that is ruled by Kings (or Queens), privileged or powerful.

WHILE

Constitutional government is a government that is ruled by the rules of laws.

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2. The kings, queens, highly privileged and powerful are good examples of traditional government.

WHILE

The president and prime minister are good examples of constitutional government.

 

3. Monarch and oligarchy are major types of traditional government.

WHILE

Presidential and parliamentary government are major types of constitutional government.

 

LESSON 2 – DIFFERENCE AMONG VARIOUS TYPES OF GOVERNMENT 

DIFFERENT BETWEEN MONARCH AND OLIGARCHY 

1. MONARCHY

Monarch is a system of government ruled by the King or Queen, hereditary or succession. No end to tenure.

This is also known as government of Kings and Queens.

 

2. OLIGARCHY

Oligarchy is a system of government by only few people who are privileged or powerful.

A. Presidential system of government

B. Monarch system of government

C. Parliamentary system of government

 

DIFFERENT BETWEEN PRESIDENTIAL AND PARLIAMENTARY GOVERNMENT 

3. PARLIAMENTARY

Parliamentary is a system of government ruled by the prime minister.

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The head of state is different from the head of government in parliamentary system of government.

 

4. PRESIDENTIAL 

Presidential is a system of government ruled by the president.

The head of state is the head of head government in presidential system of government.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Leads pupils to differentiate between the king and the president.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the class discussion.

3. Uses pupil’s activities in 2 above to differentiate between constitutional and traditional government.

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Pupil’s Activities – Identify the key differences between constitutional and traditional government.

4. In above discussions, ask pupils to differentiate between monarch and oligarchy, presidential and parliamentary government.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify the difference between monarch and oligarchy, presidential and parliamentary government.

5. Summary the key points on the board.

Teacher’s activities – Copy as the teacher writes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Ask pupils to:

1. differentiate between traditional and presidential system of government.

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2. differentiate between monarch and oligarchy.

3. differentiate between presidential and parliamentary government.

4. state 2 examples for each of the following:

  • Traditional government
  • Constitutional government
  • Monarch
  • Oligarchy

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. ______ is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.

A. Government

B. President

C. Governor

 

2. ______ is a government that is ruled by Kings (or Queens), privileged or powerful.

A. Oligarchy government

B. Monarch government

C. Traditional government

 

3. ______ is a government that is ruled by the rules of laws.

A. Constitutional government

B. Traditional government

C. Independent government

 

4. The kings, queens, highly privileged and powerful are good examples of ______.

A. Oligarchy

B. Monarch

C. President

 

5. The president and prime minister are good examples of ______.

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A. Constitutional government

B. Traditional government

C. Independent government

 

6. ______ and ______ are major types of traditional government.

A. President and prime minister

B. President and parliamentary

C. Oligarchy and monarch

 

7. ______ and ______ government are major types of constitutional government.

A. Kings and Queens

B. President and parliamentary

C. Oligarchy and monarch

 

8. ______ is a system of government ruled by the King or Queen, hereditary or succession.

A. Oligarchy

B. Monarch

C. President

 

9. ______ is a system of government by only few people who are privileged or powerful.

A. Oligarchy

B. Monarch

C. President

 

10. ______ is a system of government ruled by the prime minister.

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A. Presidential system of government

B. Monarch system of government

C. Parliamentary system of government

 

11. ______ is a system of government ruled by the president.

A. Presidential system of government

B. Monarch system of government

C. Parliamentary system of government

 

13. The head of state is not the head of head government in presidential system of government.

A. True

B. False

 

14. The head of state is different from the head of government in parliamentary system of government.

A. True

B. False

 

15. Monarch and oligarchy are the same system of government.

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A. True

B. False