Introductory and Concluding Paragraphs

Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

ENGLISH STUDIES

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 6

READING AND WRITING 

PRIMARY 6

TOPIC:  Introductory and Concluding Paragraph

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

  • By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able:
  1. recognize how introductory paragraphs are written;
  2. list the functions of introductory paragraph e.g. – it gives either good or bad impression of the whole write-up, tells the reader what to expect in the essay, etc; 
  3. write good introductory paragraphs and body of essay.
  4. write effective concluding paragraph to a given essay.

 

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

  • The pupils are required to already have learned in their previous lesson – reading Comprehension.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

  • The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
  1. Sample composition
  2. Course book
  3. A Sample of a concluding paragraph.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

  1. Explanation
  2. Discussion
  3. Questions and answers

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. MacMillan Brilliant Primary English English Book 6
  4. All Relevant Materials
  5. Internet Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

 

WRITING PARAGRAPHS: INTRODUCTORY, MIDDLE AND CONCLUDING

 

  • Introducing essays/compositions with effective introductory, middle and concluding aspects.

 

  • Use introductory paragraphs to indicate the direction of the composition will go. 

 

  • Writing a good and effective concluding paragraph to a given essay in order to tie up the ideas.

 

  • Using the summary of points made in the essay as a conclusion.

 

Reference Materials – MacMillan Brilliant Primary English Book 6

Topic – Role of Religion 

Composition – my school and my father

 

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Leads pupils to discuss how best to introduce an essay;
  3. Pupil’s Activities – Write the first paragraph of an essay topic provided by the teacher.
  4. Leads them to write good introductory paragraph on the topic: “My school”;
  5. Pupil’s Activities – Work as a class to write a composition on “My School” under the teacher’s guidance.
  6. Leads pupils to produce suitable paragraphs;
  7. Pupil’s Activities – Organize the sentences logically, emphasizing the opening paragraph.
  8. Pupil’s Activities – Discuss what should be the content of such composition.
  9. Guides pupils to write good essay with an effective concluding paragraph;
  10. Pupil’s Activities – Write an essay with good introductory paragraph, middle and concluding paragraph.

 

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION/ASSIGNMENT 

  • Pupils to:
  1. write good introductory paragraph on a given topic;
  2. give good points to constitute middle of the essay; and
  3. write a good concluding paragraph in order to drive the message home.