Meaning of Drugs – Types (Classification) of Drug – Synthetic and Naturally Occurring Drugs Primary 6 (Basic 6) – Basic Science and Technology

Last Updated on September 16, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

 

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 2

PRIMARY 6

THEME – DRUGS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Basic Science and Technology (Primary 5)

 

TOPIC – SYNTHETIC AND NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS 

 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Meaning of Drug

2. Classification of Drug

3. Different between Synthetic and Naturally Occurring Drugs

4. Examples of Synthetic and Naturally Occurring Drugs

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. Explain the meaning of drugs.

2. Classify drugs as either naturally occurring drugs or synthetic drugs.

3. List examples each of naturally occurring drugs and synthetic drugs

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can identify both natural and synthetic drugs.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of samples of:

1. common drugs

2. lemon

 

3. lime

4. naturally clay

5. raw meat and fish

6. vegetables

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Basic Science and Technology for Book 6

All Relevant Materials

Online Information – Alternative Plan Lesson Note – Meaning (Types) of Drugs – Synthetic and Naturally Occurring Drugs ASEI PDSI METHOD (Primary 6)

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION 

MEANING OF DRUG 

A drug is a substance that affects the operations of the body.

If we take drugs during sickness, they make us feel better, when we take them according to doctor’s prescription.

 

TYPES (CLASSIFICATION) OF DRUGS 

Drugs can be naturally or chemical in nature.

 

Synthetic drugs are man made drugs and “natural” drugs are as they are found in nature.

 

LESSON 2 – NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS AND SYNTHETIC DRUG 

1. NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS

Naturally occurring drugs e.g. honey, salt, alcohol, caffeine in Kolanut, bitter leaf, palm wine, etc.

These drugs occur in nature. They are products of plants or animals.

 

Examples of Naturally Drugs 

  • Root and leaf
  • Tea
  • Bitter leaf
  • Palm oil
  • Palm wine
  • Salt
  • Kolanut
  • Bitter kola
  • Natural honey, etc.

 

2. SYNTHETIC DRUGS

These are drugs produced by mixing chemical compounds together e.g. cough syrup, panadol, etc.

 

These are usually produced by pharmaceutical companies under licence.

 

Examples of Synthetic Drugs 

  • Cough syrups
  • Panadol
  • Blood tonic
  • Inhaler, etc.

 

LESSON 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT/ASSIGNMENT 

As stated in the performance objectives or lesson evaluation.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

1. Collects and brings samples of drugs to the class;
Pupil’s Activities – Make a list of natural substances that are drugs.

2. Displays sample of some of the synthetic and naturally occurring drugs.

3. Lets pupils identify and state the importance of drugs.

4. Excursion – Arranges class visit to a pharmaceutical company;

Pupil’s Activities – Visit a pharmaceutical company and experience how drugs are made.

5. Leads pupils to explain and differentiate between synthetic and naturally occurring drugs with appropriate examples.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the class discussion.

6. Guides class discussions in identifying naturally occurring drugs such as alcohol, clay (kaolin) ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in lime, lemon, etc.

 

Pupil’s Activities – Squeeze lime juice on pieces of raw meat, fresh vegetables etc. observe and record their findings.

7. Summarizes the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher instructed.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Drug Use and Abuse – Normal Use of Drugs and Abnormal Use of Drugs – Effects of Normal and Abnormal Use of Drugs Primary 6 (Basic 6) – Basic Science and Technology

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to – 

1. identify five types each of naturally occurring and synthetic drugs.

 

2. identify and name three food substances that are drugs.

3. group the following drugs as synthetic and naturally occurring – Kolanut, cough syrup, natural honey, inhaler, bitter leaf, panado extra, blood tonic, root and leaf.

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT

1. _________ is any substance that affects the action of the body.

A. Synthetic drugs

B. Naturally Occurring drugs

C. Drugs

D. All of the above

 

2. Drugs are used as medicine to treat or prevent _________.

 

A. Synthetic drugs

B. Naturally Occurring drugs

C. Drugs

D. All of the above

 

3. There are _________ types of drug.

A. 2

B. Two

C. II

D. All of the above

 

4. _________ drugs occur in nature.

A. Synthetic drugs

B. Naturally Occurring drugs

C. Drugs

D. All of the above

 

5. _________ drugs are made up of chemical compound.

A. Synthetic drugs

B. Naturally Occurring drugs

C. Drugs

D. All of the above

 

6. _________ is the products of plants and animals.

A. Synthetic drugs

B. Naturally Occurring drugs

C. Drugs

D. All of the above

 

7. Salt, bitter Kola, alcohol, aspirin, etc. are good examples of naturally occurring drugs.

 

A. True

B. False

C. All of the above

D. None of the above

 

8. Salt, bitter Kola, alcohol, aspirin, etc. are good examples of synthetic drugs.

A. True

B. False

 

9. Paracetamol and panadol are good examples of _________ drugs.

A. Gas

B. Liquid

C. Solid

D. All of the above

 

10. Inhaler is an example of _________ drugs.

A. Gas

B. Liquid

C. Solid

D. All of the above

 

11. Blood tonic, palm wine, beer, etc. are examples of _________ drugs.

A. Gas

B. Liquid

C. Solid

D. All of the above

 

12. What is a drug?

 

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

 

Mention 2 types of drug with examples. 2 marks each

13. _____________________________________________________________

 

14. _____________________________________________________________

 

15. Different between the 2 types of drug:

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

 

Give an example of each of the following:

16. Solid drugs ______________________________________

 

17. Liquid drugs ______________________________________

 

18. Gas ______________________________________