Meaning of Food | Types (Classification) of Foods | Importance of Foods in the Body Primary 4 (Basic 4)

 

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

SECOND TERM 

WEEK 9

PRIMARY 4

THEME –  CLASSIFICATION OF FOOD 

 PREVIOUS LESSON – THE FEEDING SYSTEM – TEETH, TONGUE AND LIPS

 

TOPIC – CLASSIFICATION OF FOODS 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning and Classification of Foods

3. Importance of Foods or Reasons for Eaten Foods

4. Weekly Assessment

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. define food.

2. name the different types of food.

3. identify food materials in their homes.

4. classify foods as carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and oil.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Food and it importance

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of –

food chart showing various food items – yam, potatoes, pepper, vegetables, etc.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

WRITING INSTRUCTIONS

Copy as I write or draw as I need. This instruction should be given when you need the pupils to write or draw.

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES

Teacher’s Activities – Ask the pupils, what are your favourite food.

Pupil’s response – rice and beans, indomine and eggs, plantain and beans or eggs, etc.

Teacher’s remark – Foods are very important substance required by the body to growth and function well. A great cheer for quick response to question. Discuss the meaning of food and reasons/importance of eating food.

 

On board, copy as I write.

MEANING OF FOOD

Foods are nourishing substance that we eat and drink, or taken into the body for healthy living.

 

THE REASONS OF EATING FOOD/IMPORTANCE OF EATING FOOD 

Foods are very important substance required by the body to growth and function well. For the body to function well, we eat food for the following reasons –

1. Energy

2. Growth

 

 

3. Preventing disease from the body

4. Fighting disease in the body

5. Cleaning the body system

6. Social enjoyment

 

LESSON 2 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES 

Teacher’s Activities – Ask the pupils, what are importance of food?

Pupil’s response – For growth, energy, etc.

Pupil’s remark – Correct. Foods are very important for growth and for the body function well. There are different classes of food that makes the body to function well. A great cheer for quick response. Discuss the classification of foods and summary the points of discussion on the board.

 

On board, copy as I write.

CLASSIFICATION OF FOOD

There are six classification of food required by the body to growth and function well –

1. Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are energy given food and found in food like rice, noodles, bread and other products that have grains.

 

2. Fats and oils 

Fats and oils are for growth and function normally and help with tissue growth. They are found in foods like meat, fish, whole eggs, vegetables, nuts.

 

3. Minerals

Minerals are Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium and Zinc. Minerals can be found meat, fish, poultry, grains.

 

4. Proteins

Proteins are for growth, maintaining or repairing body tissues and found in food like rice, beans, dairy products, fish, meat, eggs.

 

5. Vitamins

Vitamins help to regulate and boost immune system of the body. They can be found in almost any product on the Earth.

 

6. Water

Water support life and needed on regular basis.

 

LESSON 3 – REVISION AND LESSON EVALUATION/ASSIGNMENT 

As stated in the performance objectives or lesson evaluation. 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Allows pupils to suggest reasons for eating food.

Pupil’s Activities – Suggest reasons for eating food.

3. Guides pupils to mention various types of food.

 

 

Pupil’s Activities –  Mention various types of food.

4. Guides pupils to classify these food.

Pupil’s Activities – Classify food according to their group.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

Next Lesson – Balance Diet (Adequate Diet)

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

1. state the meaning of food.

2. list three (3) food items in home.

3. give an example of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, fats and oils.

4. state three (3) reasons for eating food.

 

 

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT

ATTEMPT ALL THE QUESTIONS

 

1. ______________ are nourishing substance that we eat and drink, or taken into the body for healthy living.

A. Foods

B. Water

C. Fruits

 

2. ______________ are very important substance required by the body to growth and function well.

A. Fruits

B. Water

C. Foods

 

3. Foods are nourishing substance that we eat and drink, or taken into the body for ______________.

A. growth

B. healthy living

C. energy

 

4. There are ______________ classification of food required by the body to growth and function well.

A. 6

 

 

B. Sixty

C. Six

 

5. ______________ are energy given food.

A. Vitamins

B. Protein

C. Carbohydrates

 

6. ______________ are for growth and function normally and help with tissue growth.

A. Wster

B. Minerals

C. Fats and oils

 

7. ______________ are Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium and Zinc.

A. Minerals

B. Fats and oils

C. Water

 

8. ______________ help to regulate and boost immune system of the body.

A. Vitamins

B. Protein

C. Carbohydrates

 

9. ______________ are for growth, maintaining or repairing body tissues.

A. Vitamins

B. Protein

C. Carbohydrates

 

10. ______________ support life and needed on regular basis.

A. Fats and oils

B. Minerals

C. Water

 

Give two (2) examples of each of following:

 

11. Carbohydrates ______________ and ______________

 

12. Proteins ______________ and ______________

 

13. Minerals ______________ and ______________

 

14. Vitamins ______________ and ______________

 

15. Fats and oils ______________ and ______________

 

List three (3) food items in home:

 

16. ________________________________________________________

 

17. ________________________________________________________

 

 

State three (3) reasons for eating food:

 

18. ________________________________________________________

 

19. ________________________________________________________

 

20. ________________________________________________________