Meaning of School’s Garden and Tools | Conditions Necessary for Growing of Plants Primary 4 (Basic 4)

 

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

SECOND TERM

WEEK 3

PRIMARY 4

THEME –  LEARNING ABOUT OUR ENVIRONMENT 

 PREVIOUS LESSON – SOIL CONSTITUENTS

 

TOPIC – GARDENING TOOLS AND CONDITIONS FOR GROWING CROPS 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. School’s Garden and Tools

2. Uses of Farm Tools

3. Conditions Necessary for Growing Plants

4. Weekly Assessment

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. mention five garden tools.

2. mention the conditions necessary for growing plants.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Farm Crops and Animals

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Chart of a garden (if there no school garden)

2. Chart of garden tools (if no one available)

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

WRITING INSTRUCTION

Copy as I write or draw as I need. This instruction should be given when you need the pupils to write or draw.

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION 

Teacher’s Activities – If available, take the pupils to the school’s garden or nearest farmland for them to identify and discuss. Also, mention and discuss the uses of simple tools used on school’s garden.

If not available, create a mini garden or make use of chart. 

Pupil’s activities and response – Participate in a walk to the school’s garden or farmland and discuss.

Teacher’s remark – Listen and participate in the discussion and give a great cheer for active participation. Note points of discussion on the board

 

Copy as I write. 

MEANING OF A SCHOOL GARDEN 

School garden can also be called a small farm.

 

 

On the school garden, we grow crops and flowers.

A school garden is a small farm where we grow some crops.

 

Copy as I write.

TOOLS USED ON SCHOOL GARDEN 

1. Hoe

It is used for –

  • removing weeds on the garden or farmland.
  • harvesting tuber crops like yams, potatoes, cocoyam, etc.
  • digging and tilling the soil.
  • planting yam, cassava, etc.

 

2. Cutlass

It is used for –

  • cutting trees, grass, etc.
  • planting maize, guinea corns, etc.
  • digging the soil.
  • clearing the bushes.

 

3. Watering can

It is used for –

  • water the garden or farmland.
  • spray insecticide on the garden or farmland.

 

4. Shovel

It is used for –

  • digging the soil.
  • mixing the soil with organic materials.
  • removing trash from the garden or farmland.

 

5. Rake

It is used for –

  • removing dirty from garden or farmland.

 

6. Hand fork

It is used for –

  • mixing soil and organic materials.

 

7. Wheelbarrow

It is used for –

  • carrying farmland tools or seedling to where they are needed.

 

Note – Demonstrate the uses of each tool mentioned above. 

 

LESSON 2 – CONDITIONS NEEDED FOR GROWING GOOD CROPS? 

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Discussion – Lead a discussion on the importance of good soil, water, air and soil nutrient or manure.

 

Copy as  I write.

1. Good soil

2. Water

3. Air

4. Nutrients or Manure

 

GROWING PLANTS IN DIFFERENT CONDITIONS 

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Experiment on planting in different conditions and record the results on a chart.

Note – the result will be determine over a time.

 

Copy as I write

1. Plant crops in good and bad soil.

Expected result – Plants grow well on a good soil than a bad soil.

 

2. Plant crops in wet and dry soil.

 

 

Expected result – Plants grow on a wet soil while on a dry soil, plants never grow. 

 

3. Put growing crops under the sun and in a dark.

Except result – Plants grow well under the sunlight than in a dark. 

 

4. Put growing crops in the open where their is air and in the cupboard.

Except result – Plants well in an open air while in the cupboard, stop growing. 

Note – the result will be determine over a time. 

 

LESSON 3 – LESSON EVALUATION 

As stated in the performance objectives or lesson evaluation and weekly assessment. 

 

Other Materials – Meaning of School’s Garden and Tools | Conditions Necessary for Growing of Plants Primary 4 (Basic 4) ASEI PDSI METHOD

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Lets the pupils to identify a garden.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify a garden.

3. Guides the pupils to describe the school garden.

Pupil’s Activities – Describe the school garden.

4. Asks the pupils to mention the tools used on school garden.

Pupil’s Activities – Mention the tools used on school garden.

5. Lets the pupils grow crops in different conditions.

Pupil’s Activities – Follow the teacher’s instructions.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

Next Lesson – Growing of Plants – Soil Preparation, Planting and Nurturing of Plants

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

1. define a school’s garden.

 

 

2. mention 5 garden tools.

3. mention the conditions necessary for growing plants.

 

 

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT 

ATTEMPT ALL THE QUESTIONS

 

1. School garden can also be called a small ________________.

A. farm

B. weed

C. garden

 

2. On the school garden, we grow ________________ and ________________.

A. crops and beans

B. crops and flowers

C. flowers and beans

 

3. A school ________________ is a small farm where we grow some crops.

A. garden

B. office

C. toilet

 

4. ________________ is used for wedding and cultivate the soil.

A. Cutlass

B. Hand fork

C. Watering can

 

5. ________________ is used to apply water on the farm.

A. Cutlass

B. Hand fork

C. Watering can

 

6. ________________ is used cutting and clearing the bushes.

A. Cutlass

B. Hand fork

C. Watering can

 

7. ________________ is used for mixing soil and organic matters.

A. Cutlass

B. Hand fork

C. Watering can

 

8. Good soil, water, air, nutrients or manure are not important for growing crops.

A. True

B. False

C. Yes

 

9. Plants grow well on a good soil than a bad soil.

A. True

 

 

B. False

C. Yes

 

10. What happens to plants under a sunlight and in a dark.

 

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