RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES
THEME – DRUGS
PREVIOUS LESSON – NATURE OF DRUG ABUSE – DRUG, DRUG ABUSE AND CONSEQUENCES OF DRUG ABUSE (PRIMARY 6)
TOPIC – SYNTHETIC AND NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able –
1. Explain the meaning of drugs.
2. Classify drugs as either naturally occurring drugs or synthetic drugs.
3. List examples each of naturally occurring drugs and synthetic drugs.
Synthetic and Naturally Occurring Drugs
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of samples of:
1. common drugs
5. raw meat and fish
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Basic Science and Technology for Book 6
4. All Relevant Materials
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
MEANING OF DRUG
A drug is a substance that affects the operations of the body. If we take drugs during sickness, they make us feel better, when we take them according to doctor’s prescription.
TYPES OF DRUGS
Drugs can be naturally or chemical in nature.
Synthetic drugs are man made drugs and natural drugs are found in nature.
NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS
Naturally occurring drugs e.g. honey, salt, alcohol, caffeine in Kolanut, bitter leaf, palm wine, etc.
These drugs occur in nature. They are products of plants or animals.
These are produced by mixing chemical compounds together e.g. cough syrup, panadol, etc.
These are usually produced by pharmaceutical companies under licence.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Collects and brings samples of drugs to the class;
Pupil’s Activities – Make a list of natural substances that are drugs.
3. Arranges class visit to a pharmaceutical company;
Pupil’s Activities – Visit a pharmaceutical company and experience how drugs are made.
4. Guides class discussions to identify naturally occurring drugs such as alcohol, clay (kaolin) ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in lime, lemon, etc.
Pupil’s Activities – Squeeze lime juice on pieces of raw meat, fresh vegetables etc. observe and record their findings.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Pupils to –
1. identify five types each of naturally occurring and synthetic drugs;
2. identify and name three food substances that are drugs;
3. mention three effects of ingesting such food in large amounts;
4. group drugs as synthetic and naturally occurring.