TOPIC: Prefix and Suffix
A prefix is a group of letters placed before a word. A suffix is a group of letters placed after a word. Prefix and suffix change the original meaning of the word. For example – Happy. Prefix – unhappy. Suffix – happily.
- By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:
- identify prefix and suffix;
- use prefix and suffix in making sentences.
- The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
- Course book
- Real objects
- Scheme of Work
- 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
- Course Books
- All Relevant Materials
- Online Materials
Related posts: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs. Scheme of work – first term – second term – third term. Seventh week lesson outline.
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
TYPES/IDENTIFICATION OF PREFIX AND SUFFIX
- De means from, down, away, reverse, opposite… Examples are decrease, devalue, dethrone, detain, de-emphasis, decode, deactivate, etc.
- Dis means not, opposite, reverse, away... Examples are discover, discourage, disconnect, disagree, discontinue, disappear, disregard, disrespect, etc.
- Ex means out of, away from, lacking, former… Examples are exhale, exchange, ex-president, explosion, export, express, extention, etc.
- Il means not. Examples are illegal, illiterate, illogical, etc.
- Im means not, without. Examples are impossible, illicit improper, illuminate, informal, etc.
- In means not, without. Examples are inspire, indolent, inaction, inaccurate, invisible, ingrate ingratitude, etc.
- Mis means bad, wrong. Examples are misinformation, mismanagement, misunderstanding, mislead, mistake, misconduct, misconception, misplace, etc.
- Non means not. Examples are nonfiction, nonsense, nonetheless, nonsense,
- Re means again, back. Examples are reassure, replay, restart, refresh, react, reformat, reboot, reappear, etc.
- Un means against, not, opposite. Examples are unnecessary, unless, undo, untrue, unknown, unbeatable, unbelief, unequal, uncertain, unusual, unrest, unrelated, unreasonable, etc.
- able means able to, having the quality of. Examples are reasonable, comfortable, agreeable, portable, adorable, believable, fashionable, etc.
- al mean relating to. Examples are annual, professional, alphabetical, mathematical, etc.
- er means comparative. Examples are smaller, sooner, thinner, ticker, brighter, bigger, stranger, stronger, etc.
- est means superlative. Examples are smallest, biggest, strongest, brightest, tiniest, prettiest, laziest, etc.
- ful means full of. Examples are grateful, beautiful, powerful, colourful, peaceful, faithful, disregardful, meaningful, truthful, etc.
- ing denoting an action, a material, or a gerund. Examples are going, singing, clapping, running, acting, coming, showing, etc.
- less means without, not affected by. Examples are speechless, friendless, heartless, senseless, tireless, nameless, spotless, etc.
- ly forming an adjective. Examples are lovely, clearly, honestly, hourly, daily, weekly, monthly, annually, etc.
- ness denoting a state or condition. Examples are goodness, kindness, bitterness, carelessness, wilderness, etc.
Exercises 1 – Fill in the prefixes (dis, im, re, il, pre, un) and suffixes (ful, able, al, ly, y, ion)
- _____ like _____
- _____ cover _____
- _____ success _____
- _____ logic _____
- _____ act _____
- _____ predict _____
- _____ luck _____
- _____ new _____
- _____ reason _____
- _____ trust _____
- _____ equal _____
- _____ proper _____
- _____ order _____
- _____ connect _____
Exercises 2 – Put the words in brackets in the appropriate form (use a prefixes or a suffixes):
- Tosin looked _______________________. He started to cry. (happy)
- Chichi passed his exam. She was _______________________ for the second time. (succeed)
- Segun wants to be a _______________________ when he grows up. (mathematics)
- The road was too narrow, so they had to _______________________ it. (wide)
- Ade was acting in a very _______________________ way. (child).
- To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
- To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
- Explains prefix and suffix;
- Guides pupils to identify prefix and suffix;
- Pupil’s Activities – Identify prefix and suffix.
- Guides pupils to use prefix and suffix in sentences;
- Pupil’s Activities – Use prefix and suffix in making sentences
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – Exclamations and Interjections
- identify prefix and suffix in sentences;
- make correct use of prefix and suffix.