Safety means keeping yourself and others free from harm or danger. It means taking care not to fall or bump or run into things. It also means to avoid accidents by being careful with what you are doing.
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:
- define safety;
- list three safety precautions;
- state two causes of accident;
- identify the contents of a first aid box;
- list three safety devises.
The pupils are required to already have learned maintenance, accident at home and in school.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of first aid box; safety devices.
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
- Scheme of Work
- 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
- Course Book
- All Relevant Material
- Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
Accidents occurs when we make use of workshop machines and other tools. It is important that we avoid accidents because it may result in person’s injury, death or damage to property or combination of the three.
Accidents are unplanned or unexpected events that happen to human beings. Accidents can happen everywhere, for example, in the schools, homes, roads and markets.
CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS
- Human factors/personnel.
- Malfunction or failure of aircraft structures, engines, or other systems.
- Deficient maintenance.
- Hazardous environment involving weather, volcanic ash, birds, etc.
- Hir traffic management errors.
- Any combination of the above.
The above causes of accidents can be summarized as shown below:
Safety is the absent of accident in the use of machines, domestic wares, office equipment, toys, both in the house and in the school.
Safety device is a piece of equipment such as a fire extinguisher, safety belt, or burglar alarm that reduces loss or damage from a fire, accident, or break-in.
METHODS OF PREVENTING ACCIDENTS
- Identify safe places to walk with safe access and exit to corridors, staircase, steps and fire exits.
- All toys should be safe to play with and should not prevent risks to children. For example, children should not play with beads and toys with sharp or pointed edges.
- School and homes should be well ventilated with proper fume and dust control.
- Shelves and storage inlets should not be stacked too high.
- Items should be stored in the correct containers and labelled.
- Report any electrical fault immediately.
- Read notices and instructions before using any equipment.
- Never touch any electric wires.
Safety precautions are put in place to serve as protection against accidents. These are some of the safety precautions:
- When you enter a place, do not touch anything until you are told to do so or you have read instructions on them,
- Do not eat food, drink beverages, or chew gum in the laboratory,
- Know the locations and operating procedures of all safety equipment like the first aid kit and fire extinguisher,
- Know where the fire alarm and the exits are located,
- Keep hands away from your face, eyes, mouth, and body while using chemicals,
- Clean with detergent, rinse, and dry all work surfaces and equipment at the end of the work,
- Wear hand gloves to protect your hands,
- Caps and helmets could also be worn to prevent head injury,
- Wash your hands with soap and water after work, etc.
CONTENTS OF THE FIRST AID BOX
Every office, home and school have an accessible first – aid box. The followings are the common things we should have in our first aid box:
- First – aid book,
- Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes,
- Small roll of absorbent gauze pads of different sizes,
- Adhesive tape,
- Triangular and roller bandages,
- Cotton (1 roll),
- Band – aids (plaster),
- Pen torch latex gloves (2 pairs),
- Moistened towels and clean dry cloth pieces,
- Antiseptic (dettol),
- Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant,
- Assorted sizes of safety pins,
- Cleansing agent/soap
- Paracetamol (pain relievers),
- Anti – diarrhoea medication,
- Antihistamine cream for bee stings,
- Antacid (stomach upset),
Keep your first aid kit where it is easily accessible. Replace drugs whenever they reach the expiry date.
- To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
- To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
- Pupil’s Activities – Participate in the discussions on safety.
- Define accident;
- Explains safety precautions in the workshop;
- Pupil’s Activities – Participate in the discussions on safety precautions.
- Guides pupils to identify contents of first aid box;
- Pupil’s Activities – observe the contents of a first aid box.
- Displays safety devices and demonstrates the use of: fire extinguishers, apron, boots, hand gloves, eye shield, caution signs, seat belts, road signs, and zebra crossing.
- Pupil’s Activities – watch teacher’s demonstration of the safety devices.
- Note taking.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson (Simple Machines).
- Define safety;
- Define accident;
- List three objects inside a first aid box;
- List three safety precautions;
- State two causes of accident.