Why People have Different Culture – Meaning of Cultural Differences and Similarities 5 (Basic 5) – Social Studies

 

SOCIAL STUDIES

RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES

FIRST TERM

WEEK 6

PRIMARY 4

THEME – OUR CULTURE 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Our Culture – Meaning (Types) of Cultures | Elements of Cultures | Weekly Assessment (Test) Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Social Studies  

 

TOPIC – WHY PEOPLE HAVE DIFFERENT CULTURE 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Cultural Differences

3. Cultural Similarities

4. Why People have Different Culture

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives to explain why people’s languages, dressings and eating habits differ from community.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOURS

The pupils can identify cultural differences and crisis among people.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

 

1. Pictures of dressing from different cultural areas.

2. Pictures showing different ways of greetings, eating, etc.

3. Real cultural materials and objects

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION – OUR CULTURE

Culture is the way of life of a people.

Our cultures are different because our histories, location and external influence.

It includes the language we speak, food we eat, clothes we wear, etc.

 

MEANING OF CULTURAL DIFFERENCES

Cultural differences are the various ways of life of people that are considered unique to different people, ethnicity, race or national origin.

 

These differences are beliefs, behaviors, languages, practices and expressions., etc.

 

MEANING OF CULTURAL SIMILARITIES

Cultural similarities are common elements of culture among people. Though, they might be similar but they are different in expression.

For example – food, music, etc.

 

LESSON 2 – WHY DIFFERENT PEOPLE HAVE DIFFERENT CUSTOMS 

The differences among the people are –

1. Historical differences 

Historical simply the past that describes something that belongs to an earlier period of people.

Historical differences determine people’s values, norms and custom.

 

2. Geographical locations 

Geographical positions are location where people. These determined the kinds of clothes they wear, food they eat, the occupation of people.

For examples – people living around river are mostly fishermen while people that are far away from the river are mostly farmers or cattle rearers.

 

3. External differences 

External differences the main influence of religious differences.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Guides the pupils to explain what is meant by culture.

 

Pupil’s Activities – Discuss and explain the concept and elements of culture.

3. Leads pupils to mention types of food eaten in their areas, Dresses etc.

Pupil’s Activities – Pupils display items of their culture.

4. Guides pupils to identify and classify similar aspects of culture in their areas.

Pupil’s Activities – Demonstrate some values like respect, tolerance, etc. which can be promoted with a better understanding of cultural similarities.

5. Summary of the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Meaning of Culture | Meaning of Cultural Preservation | Ways of Preserving Our Culture | Part of Our Culture to be Discarded Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Social Studies

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Ask pupils to:

1. Give a simple meaning of the concept of culture.

2. Give 3 examples of each of the following in Nigeria –

 

  • Language
  • Food
  • Cloth
  • Religion

3. Give 3 reasons why people’s languages, dressings and eating habits differ.

4. Mention 2 states for each of the following languages in Nigeria

  • Yoruba
  • Igbo
  • Hausa

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. _____ is the way of life of a group of people.

A. Culture

B. Material

C. Non national

 

2. _____ are different because our histories, location and external influence.

A. Our culture

B. Our materials

C. Our non materials

 

3. _____ are the physical objects, resources, and spaces that can be seen, touch, feel and taste.

A. Our Culture

B. Non material cultures

C. Material cultures

 

4. Material cultures are _____ that represent culture.

A. non physical objects

B. physical objects

C. cultural objects

 

5. _____ are materials that cannot be seen, touch, feel, taste or hold.

 

A. Our Culture

B. Non material cultures

C. Material cultures

 

6. Non material cultures are _____ that represent culture.

A. non physical objects

B. physical objects

C. cultural objects

 

7. Non material cultures are the physical objects, resources, and spaces that can be seen, touch, feel and taste.

A. True

B. False

 

8. Material cultures are materials that cannot be seen, touch, feel, taste or hold.

A. True

B. False

 

9. Non material cultures are _____ that represent culture.

A. non physical objects

B. physical objects

C. cultural objects

 

10. The elements of culture used as means of communication is known as _____.

A. food

B. language

C. music

 

11. _____ culture is used for entertainment.

 

A. food

B. language

C. music

 

12. The Ideals or belief that guide the way people live is called _____.

A. discipline

B. norm

C. value

 

13. The elements of culture that we worn to cover the Body is called _____.

A. clothing

B. shoe

C. cap

 

14. _____ is the part of culture that protects us from the weather or from danger.

A. knife

B. house

C. gun

 

15. Food is _____ culture.

 

A. non material

B. material

 

16. Shelter is _____ culture.

A. non material

B. material

 

17. Music is _____ culture.

A. non material

B. material

 

18. Value is _____ culture.

A. non material

B. material

 

19. Music is _____ culture.

A. non material

B. material

 

15. Religion is _____ culture.

 

A. non material

B. material

 

16. _____ are the various ways of life of people that are considered unique to different people, ethnicity, race or national origin.

A. Cultural differences

B. Cultural similarities

C. Cultural influences

 

17. _____ are common elements of culture among people. Though, they might be similar but they are different in expression.

A. Cultural differences

B. Cultural similarities

C. Cultural influences

 

18. _____ are simply the past that describes something that belongs to an earlier period of people.

A. Geographical differences

B. External differences

C. Historical differences

 

19. _____ are location where people. These determined the kinds of clothes they wear, food they eat, the occupation of people.

A. Geographical differences

B. External differences

C. Historical differences

 

20. _____ the main influence of religious differences.

 

A. Geographical differences

B. External differences

C. Historical differences