THEME: ACTIVITIES THAT AID COMMERCE
TOPIC – PRODUCTION
1. Meaning (Types) of Production
2. Effects of Production on the Environment/Society
3. Industry and Commerce
By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –
1. define production.
2. explain types of production.
3. state the effects of production on environment and society.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Charts showing types of production.
2. Newspaper cuttings of the environment/society.
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
MEANING OF PRODUCTION
Production can be defined as the creation of good and service for the purpose of satisfying human consumption.
There are two (2) types of goods – capital and finished goods.
Capital goods are goods used to produce another goods. For example, machines and equipments, etc.
Finished goods are goods produced for immediate consumption. For example, bread, books, etc.
TYPES/STAGES OF PRODUCTION
There are three (3) types of production – extractive, manufacturing and constructive production.
1. EXTRACTIVE PRODUCTION
Extractive production is known as primary production or primary stage of production.
This is the first stage of production that involves extracting raw materials from the group or sea in their natural form.
For example, crude oil, iron ore, etc.
2. MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION
Manufacturing production is known secondary production or secondary stage of production.
This is the second stage of production that involves transformation of raw materials into finished goods.
For example, crude oil is used for production of petroleum, kerosene, etc.
3. CONSTRUCTIVE PRODUCTION
Constructive production is known as tertiary production or final stage of production.
This is the last stage of production that involves distribution of goods and services production in first and second stage of production to the final consumers.
Production is not complete until the goods are goods and services get to the final consumers.
CATEGORIES OF PRODUCTION
Production can be categories into two (2) parts – Industry and Commerce.
Industry involves extraction, manufacturing and construction.
Commerce involves the service offered in the process of producing goods and services. For example, trade, aids to trade and general service.
EFFECTS OF PRODUCTION ON THE ENVIRONMENT/SOCIETY
1. Jobs creation
2. Improve standard of living
3. Easy distribution of goods and services
4. Growth and development
5. Generate foreign exchange
6. Acquisition of special skills through division of labour
1. Pollution – It makes water and air unsafe drinking and breathing and useless the land for farming and grazing. It kills the aquatic animals.
2. Ground excavation – It makes the land to loose its original form.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions;
2. Illustrates on a chart showing types of production.
Student’s Activities – Identify types of production with examples.
3. Leads discussion on the effects of production on the environment/society.
Student’s Activities – Mention the hazards of production on environment and society (environmental pollution).
4. Arranges a visit to a carpentry shop, a hair salon and a garden.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
1. define production.
2. identify types of production.
3. state two effects of production on the environment/society.