Our Culture – Meaning (Types) of Cultures | Elements of Cultures | Weekly Assessment (Test) Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Social Studies

 

SOCIAL STUDIES

RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 5

PRIMARY 4

THEME – OUR CULTURE 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Problems of Marriage | Solutions to Marriage Problems Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Social Studies

 

TOPIC – OUR CULTURE 

 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning (Types) of Cultures

3. Elements of Cultures

4. Differentiate between Material and Non Material Culture

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. give a simple meaning of culture.

2. differentiate between material and non material culture.

3. identify the elements of culture.

5. attempt 70% (and above) of the weekly assessment (test) correctly.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Pictures of dressing from different cultural areas.

 

2. Pictures showing different ways of greetings, eating, etc.

3. Real cultural materials and objects

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – MEANING OF CULTURE

Culture is the way of life of a group of people.

Our cultures are different because our histories, location and external influence.

 

TYPES OF CULTURES

 

1. Material culture

2. Non material culture

 

MEANING AND EXAMPLES MATERIAL CULTURES

MATERIAL CULTURES 

Material cultures are the physical objects, resources, and spaces that can be seen, touch, feel and taste.

Material cultures are man – made objects that represent culture.

 

EXAMPLES OF MATERIAL CULTURE 

Material cultures are materials people use define culture their culture which includes –

  • food
  • clothes
  • homes
  • tools
  • stores
  • place of worship
  • ornaments
  • design and decorative
  • arts, products, etc.

 

LESSON 2 – MEANING AND EXAMPLES OF NON MATERIAL CULTURE

MEANING OF NON MATERIAL CULTURE 

 

Material cultures are materials that cannot be seen, touch, feel, taste or hold.

 

EXAMPLES OF NON MATERIAL CULTURES 

Material cultures are non physical objects which includes –

  • language
  • beliefs
  • music
  • customs
  • values
  • rules
  • norms
  • morals
  • ethics
  • literature
  • organizations

 

LESSON 3 – ELEMENTS OF CULTURE

Culture combines many elements that create a unique way of life for different people, namely:

 

1. Languages

2. Foods

3. Clothes

4. Marriage

5. Religions

6. Festivals

7. Ceremonies

8. Ritual

9. Religion

10. Norm

11. Custom

12. Social organizations

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Displays sample or chart of material culture.

3. Lets the pupils examine and identify what part of the country such culture belong to.

4. Uses the sample or chart to introduce and discuss the meaning, elements and types of culture.

Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction and participate actively in the discussion.

5. Leads pupils to mention types of food eaten in their areas, Dresses etc.

Pupil’s Activities – Pupils display items of their culture.

6. Guides pupils to identify and classify similar aspects of culture in their areas.

Pupil’s Activities – Demonstrate some values like respect, tolerance, etc. which can be promoted with a better understanding of cultural similarities.

7. Summarizes each lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Listen to the lesson summary and write as instructed.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Why People have Different Culture – Meaning of Cultural Differences and Similarities 5 (Basic 5) – Social Studies

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Ask pupils to:

1. Give a simple meaning of the concept of culture.

2. Give 3 examples of each of the following in Nigeria –

  • Language
  • Food
  • Cloth
  • Religion

3. Give 3 reasons why people’s languages, dressings and eating habits differ.

 

4. Mention 2 locations of each of the following languages in Nigeria:

  • Yoruba
  • Igbo
  • Hausa

5. With examples, differentiate between material and non material cultures.

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. _____ is the way of life of a group of people.

A. Culture

B. Material

C. Non national

 

2. _____ are different because our histories, location and external influence.

A. Our culture

B. Our materials

C. Our non materials

 

3. _____ are the physical objects, resources, and spaces that can be seen, touch, feel and taste.

A. Our Culture

B. Non material cultures

C. Material cultures

 

4. Material cultures are _____ that represent culture.

A. non physical objects

B. physical objects

C. cultural objects

 

5. _____ are materials that cannot be seen, touch, feel, taste or hold.

 

A. Our Culture

B. Non material cultures

C. Material cultures

 

6. Non material cultures are _____ that represent culture.

A. non physical objects

B. physical objects

C. cultural objects

 

7. Non material cultures are the physical objects, resources, and spaces that can be seen, touch, feel and taste.

A. True

B. False

 

8. Material cultures are materials that cannot be seen, touch, feel, taste or hold.

A. True

B. False

 

9. Non material cultures are _____ that represent culture.

A. non physical objects

B. physical objects

C. cultural objects

 

10. The elements of culture used as means of communication is known as _____.

A. food

B. language

C. music

 

11. _____ culture is used for entertainment.

 

A. food

B. language

C. music

 

12. The Ideals or belief that guide the way people live is called _____.

A. discipline

B. norm

C. value

 

13. The elements of culture that we worn to cover the Body is called _____.

A. clothing

B. shoe

C. cap

 

14. _____ is the part of culture that protects us from the weather or from danger.

A. knife

B. house

C. gun

 

15. Food is _____ culture.

 

A. non material

B. material

 

16. Shelter is _____ culture.

A. non material

B. material

 

17. Music is _____ culture.

A. non material

B. material

 

18. Value is _____ culture.

A. non material

B. material

 

19. Music is _____ culture.

A. non material

B. material

 

15. Religion is _____ culture.

 

A. non material

B. material

 

 

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