# Length – Measuring Lengths, Angles and Pythagoras Rule (Primary 6)

**SECOND TERM**** **

**WEEK 3**

**PRIMARY 6**

**THEME – MEASUREMENT **

** PREVIOUS LESSON – Second Term Scheme of Work and Plan Lesson Notes for MATHEMATICS Week 1 to Week 12 Primary 6**

**TOPIC – LENGTH **

**LEARNING AREA **

1. Length Measurements

2. Identify and Measurement of Angles

3. Pythagoras rule

4. Quantitative Reasonings – as stated in the pupil’s quantitative books or textbooks

**PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES **

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. measure length and angles.

2. use Pythagoras rule to find the unknown length of a right – angled triangle.

3. solve many quantitative aptitude problems involving Pythagoras rule.

**ENTRY BEHAVIOUR**

**INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS**

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Measuring rules and tapes

2. Mathematical sets

3. Chart of Pythagoras rules.

**METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.**

*Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. *

**REFERENCE MATERIALS**

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

**CONTENT OF THE LESSON **** **

**LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION**

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities 1 – Introduction to Lengths and Angles

**Teacher’s Instructions **

1. Draw a line of 5 cm or more.

2. Name the line AB.

3. Draw another line from point A or B.

4. Name the third point, C.

**Pupil’s Activities **

Teacher’s remark – Length AB is the distance between A and B. The point A is called a vertex, where two or more lines meet. At the same point A, an angle is formed and it’s called angle A or <BAC.

An angle is formed when two lines meet at a shared point. That’s, the space between two or lines at a shared point. As shown below.

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities 2 – Measuring Lengths and Angles

Guide the pupils to measure the length AB, AC, XY and XZ. And also, measure angle A and X.

**LESSON TWO – TYPES OF TRIANGLES**

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Drawing a triangle

**Teacher’s Instructions **

1. Draw a line and name it, line AB.

2. Drawing another line at the point A and name it, AC.

3. Draw another line from the B to C.

4. What shape does it formed?

5. Define the _____________.

**Pupil’s Response **

This is a triangle.

Expect a response like this, a triangle is a shape with three (3) lines.

**Teacher’s remark – Expand their definition of triangle. A triangle is a figure (shape) that has three sides and three angles. A triangle also has three (3) vertices. **

Pupil’s Activities 2 – Measuring the Lengths and Angles of Triangles and take down their records.

Pupil’s Activities 3 – Describe the lengths and angles of each each triangle measured.First triangle, all the lengths and angles are equal.

Second triangle, two of the lengths and angles are equal

Third triangle, none of the three (3) lengths and angles are equal.

**Teacher’s remark – There are three (3) types of triangle based on lengths (sides) and angles. These triangles are equilateral triangle (all the lengths and angles are equal). Isosceles triangle (two of its lengths and angles are equal) and scalene triangle (no lengths or angles are equal). **

**LESSON THREE – INTRODUCTION TO PYTHAGORAS RULE**

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities 1 – The lengths and Angles of Right – angled Triangle

**Teacher’s Instructions **

Measure the lengths and angles of the triangle below.

Pupil’s Records – All the three lengths are with different measurements. Two angles measured 45º each and third angle measured 90º

**Teacher’s remark – The triangle is called right – angled triangle. It is called right – angled triangle because it has one of its angles to be 90º. The longest length is known as hypotenuse. **

Pupil’s Activities 2 – Identify the hypotenuse of the following right – angled triangle.

Pupil’s Activities 3 – Quantitative Reasoning on Pythagoras RuleSample – 3² + 4² = 5²

3 x 3 + 4 x 4 = 5 x 5

9 + 16 = 25

1. ____ + 12² = 13²

2. 7² + ____ = 25²

3. 8² + 4² = ____

**Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities 3 – Marking and correction **

**LESSON FOUR – PYTHAGORAS RULES**

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities 1 – Discuss the Pythagoras Rule with Pupils

A² + B² = C²

A² = 9 = 3 x 3 = 3²

B² = 16 = 4 X 4 = 4²

C² = 25 = 5 x 5 = 5²

Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities 2 – Application of Pythagoras Rule

First right – angled triangle

A² + B² = C²A = 6, B = 8 and C = c

That’s, 6² + 8² = c²

6 x 6 + 8 x 8 = c²

36 + 64 = c²

100 = c²

10² = c² or √100 = c

c = 10.

**Pupil’s Exercise/Assignments **

**PRESENTATION**

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Guides pupils to draw a right angled triangle with side 3cm, 4cm and 5cm.

Pupil’s Activities – Draw the right angled triangle.

3. Guides pupils to identify the hypotenuse, opposite and the adjacent sides of the right angled triangle.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify the hypotenuse, opposite and the adjacent sides of the right angled triangle.

4. Guides the pupils to use Pythagoras rule to calculate the unknown side i.e. a² + b² = c² where a and bare the adjacent and opposite sides of the triangles and c is the hypotenuse.

Pupil’s Activities – Use Pythagoras theory a² + b² = c² to calculate the unknown side.

5. Guides pupils to solve quantitative aptitude problems involving Pythagoras rule.

Pupil’s Activities – Solve quantitative aptitude problems on Pythagoras rule.

**CONCLUSION**

- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

- Next Lesson –
**Second Term Scheme of Work and Plan Lesson Notes for MATHEMATICS Week 1 to Week 12 Primary 6**

**LESSON EVALUATION **

**Pupils to:**

1. find unknown length of a given right angled triangle using the Pythagoras formula.

2. solve given quantitative aptitude problems on Pythagoras rule.