Change Around Us – Effects and Controlling Soil Erosion (Primary 5)

Last Updated on July 18, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FIRST TERM

WEEK 5

BASIC 4

THEME: CHANGES AROUND US

PREVIOUS LESSON – Change Around Us – Meaning (Types) and Causes of Erosion (Primary 5)

TOPIC: Erosion

LEARNING AREA 

1. Meaning of Soil Erosion

2. Effects of Soil Erosion

3. Control of Soil Erosion

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:

1. list the effects or dangers of erosion;

2. identify, discuss and implement simple strategies for controlling erosion.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils are required to already have learned meaning, types and causes of erosion.

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

Photographs, Charts and Pictures on erosion.

Hoe

Cutlasses

Shovel

Spade

Tree seedling

Grass

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information – Change Around Us – Effects and Controlling Soil Erosion (Primary 5) ASEI PDSI METHOD

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

INTRODUCTION

Erosion is the washing away of top most soil by wind, water and other agent of erosion such as human activities.

 

 

EFFECTS OF EROSION 

1. It reduces the soil fertility.

2. It destroyed life and prosperity e.g. plants, vegetation, etc.

3. It damages and increases cost of living, production, transportation systems, infrastructures, etc.

4. Air and water pollution

5. It changes environment structures e.g. drainage.

 

CONTROL OF SOIL EROSION 

1. Afforestation

2. Crops rotation

3. Better drainage

4. Proper management of soil resources

5. Environmental law and order.

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Shows pupils charts, photographs of areas devastated by erosion;

Pupil’s Activities – Look at photographs of erosion sites and discuss the causes, effect and control measures.

3. Guides pupils to discuss the dangers (effects) of erosion, suggest control measures.

4. Arranges for pupils to visit and observe erosion sites in the locality;

Pupil’s Activities – Visit erosion sites in their locality.

5. Guides pupils to carry out a project on controlling erosion.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate in a project to control erosion at the site.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to:

1. state three effects of erosion;

2. state three ways of controlling erosion.

 

 

 

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