Waste and Waste Disposal – Meaning and Types of Waste (Primary 5) ASEI PDSI METHOD

Last Updated on July 18, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

BASIC SCIENCE

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

FIRST TERM 

NINTH WEEK

BASIC 5

THEME – LEARNING ABOUT OUR ENVIRONMENT

TOPIC: Wastes

LEARNING AREA 

1. Introductory Discussion

2. Meaning and Types of Waste

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:

1. explain what constitute waste;

2. identify different types of waste.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils are required to already have learned environmental quality.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

picture/charts of waste disposal van

Buckets, wheel barrows

Drums, shovel, spade, etc.

Waste dumps, bottles, paper, sticks, empty can, water, wood Ash, leaf litters etc.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of work
  2. 9 – Year Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Basic Science and Technology Book 6
  4. All Relevant Materials
  5. Online Materials

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON ONE INTRODUCTION 

Waste is produced in the homes, markets, offices and workplaces, playgrounds, factories,  and in short, wherever people work, play or rest.

 

 

MEANING OF WASTE

Wastes are unwanted or unusable materials. Waste is any substance which is discarded after primary use, or is worthless, defective and of no use.

 

EXAMPLES OF WASTE 

1. Solid waste (household trash/refuse),

2. Hazardous waste,

3. Wastewater (such as sewage, which contains bodily wastes (feces and urine) and surface runoff),

4. Radioactive waste, etc.

 

TAKE HOME ACTIVITIES – Identifying waste from the home, school, and market place. 

 

LESSON TWO – PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 

TYPES OF WASTE

1. Solid wastes (Sewage)

For example,

Rotten vegetables

Overripe and rotten fruits

Glass

Plastic bottles

Bags

Metal cans – tins, corks,…

Used torch batteries

Paper

Textile materials

Yam peels, potato peels

Banana peels

Plantain peels

Orange peels

 

TAKE HOME ACTIVITIES – Identifying solid waste from the home, school, and market place. 

 

LESSON THREE – PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 

 

2. Liquid wastes (Refuse) 

For example, liquid from –

Bathroom

Water closets

WC including urine and, faeces

Wastewater from the bathroom

Wastewater from the laundry.

 

TAKE HOME ACTIVITIES – Identifying waste from the home, school, and market place. 

 

 

SMASE ASEI PDSI METHOD ON Meaning and Types of Waste

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

2. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Leads discussion on wastes; Displays pictures and diagrams of waste;

Pupil’s Activities – Discuss and Classifying waste from the home into solid and liquid wastes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to – 

describe waste and group waste as solid (refuse) and liquid (sewage) waste.

 

 

 

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