Alcohol and Tobacco – Reasons Why People Drink and Smoke and The Effects of Alcohol and Tobacco (Primary 5)

Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

THIRD TERM 

WEEK 11

PRIMARY 5

THEME – DRUG EDUCATION 

PREVIOUS LESSON – COMMUNICABLE AND NON – COMMUNICABLE DISEASES (Primary 5)

TOPIC – ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Meaning of Alcohol and Tobacco

2. Reasons why People Drink and Smoke

3. Effects of Alcohol and Tobacco

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. differentiate between alcohol and tobacco

2. state reasons why people drink or smoke

3. differentiate between the effects of alcohol and tobacco on human body.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of –

Charts showing various drugs,

Posters showing different alcohol and tobacco.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book –

All Relevant Material

Online Information – LIVINGSTRONG.COM

Relevant links:

Third Term Scheme of Work and Plan Lesson Note for Physical and Health Education Primary 4 Primary 5 and Primary 6 Links

Scheme of Work First Term Physical and Health Education Basic 5 

Scheme of Work Second Term Physical and Health Education Basic 5 

Scheme of Work Third Term Physical and Health Education Basic 5

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION 

A drug is any substance that can change the activities of the body.

Some of these substances can make us sleepy, excited, awake or take away pains.

There are drug that capable of affecting the mind, emotions, and behavior. Among these drugs are alcohol and tobacco which are used excessively.

 

 

ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO 

ALCOHOL 

Alcohol is a drug, a liquor substance that change or affects the mind, or mental state.

Beer, wine, whiskey, gin, burukutu (local drink made from guinea corn), palm wine and ogogoro (local gin), are good examples of alcoholic drinks.

 

TOBACCO 

Tobacco is a substance smoked in cigarettes, pipes, etc. that is prepared from the dried leaves of a particular plant.

 

REASONS FOR DRINKING OR SMOKING 

1. To feel high, that is, feel strangely happy or satisfied.

2. To prove a points among friends and family members.

3. To boost confidence.

4. To fight shyness.

5. To aid performance.

6. To avoid stress.

7. For fun and enjoyment.

8. To express happiness.

9. For celebration.

10. To reduce pain and ache.

11. To get out of boredom and loneliness.

 

LESSON TWO – EFFECTS OF DRINKING AND SMOKING

1. High Blood Pressure

When you drink excessively and smoke, you increase your chances of getting high blood pressure.

 

2. Lung Cancer

Smoking and drinking is one of the leading risk factors for this disease.

 

3. Erectile Dysfunction

To achieve an erection, males must have a steady flow of blood going to the penis.

 

4. High Cholesterol

Cholesterol is produced naturally in the liver and it is used by the body for hormone and cell production.

 

5. Heart attack

6. Dizziness and discomfort

7. Truancy

8. Violence

9. Robbery and murder

 

 

REVISION AND WEEK 11 ASSESSMENT (TEST) 

As stated in the performance objectives or lesson evaluation. 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Uses posters to explain to the pupils the differences between alcohol and tobacco;

Pupil’s Activities – Differentiate between alcohol and tobacco.

3. Leads pupils to discuss reasons why people drink and smoke;

Pupil’s Activities – Participate in classroom discussion and group activities.

4. Discusses the effects of drug abuse on individuals, family and society;

Pupil’s Activities – Identify the effects of smoking and alcohol on people.

5. Questions and answers;

Pupil’s Activities – Listen, ask and answer questions.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

1. differentiate between alcohol and tobacco

2. state at least one reason why people drink or smoke

3. differentiate between the effects of alcohol and tobacco on human health.

 

 

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