Synthetic and Naturally Occurring Drugs (Primary 6)

 

SOCIAL STUDIES 

RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES

SECOND TERM 

WEEK 11

PRIMARY 6

THEME – DRUGS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – NATURE OF DRUG ABUSE – DRUG, DRUG ABUSE AND CONSEQUENCES OF DRUG ABUSE (PRIMARY 6)

TOPIC – SYNTHETIC AND NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS 

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able –

1. Explain the meaning of drugs.

2. Classify drugs as either naturally occurring drugs or synthetic drugs.

3. List examples each of naturally occurring drugs and synthetic drugs.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

Synthetic and Naturally Occurring Drugs

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of samples of:

1. common drugs

2. lemon

3. lime

4.naturally clay

5. raw meat and fish

6. vegetables

 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Basic Science and Technology for Book 6

4. All Relevant Materials

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

INTRODUCTION

MEANING OF DRUG 

A drug is a substance that affects the operations of the body. If we take drugs during sickness, they make us feel better, when we take them according to doctor’s prescription.

 

TYPES OF DRUGS 

Drugs can be naturally or chemical in nature.

Synthetic drugs are man made drugs and natural drugs are found in nature.

 

 

NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS

Naturally occurring drugs e.g. honey, salt, alcohol, caffeine in Kolanut, bitter leaf, palm wine, etc.

These drugs occur in nature. They are products of plants or animals.

 

SYNTHETIC DRUGS

These are produced by mixing chemical compounds together e.g. cough syrup, panadol, etc.

These are usually produced by pharmaceutical companies under licence.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Collects and brings samples of drugs to the class;
Pupil’s Activities – Make a list of natural substances that are drugs.

 

 

3. Arranges class visit to a pharmaceutical company;

Pupil’s Activities – Visit a pharmaceutical company and experience how drugs are made.

4. Guides class discussions to identify naturally occurring drugs such as alcohol, clay (kaolin) ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in lime, lemon, etc.

Pupil’s Activities – Squeeze lime juice on pieces of raw meat, fresh vegetables etc. observe and record their findings.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to – 

1. identify five types each of naturally occurring and synthetic drugs;

2. identify and name three food substances that are drugs;

3. mention three effects of ingesting such food in large amounts;

4. group drugs as synthetic and naturally occurring.

 

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