Meaning (Types) of Production and Effects of Production on the Environment/Society (JSS 1)

 

 

BUSINESS STUDIES 

FIRST TERM  

JSS 1

WEEK 9

THEME: ACTIVITIES THAT AID COMMERCE 

TOPIC – PRODUCTION 

LEARNING AREA

1. Meaning (Types) of Production

2. Effects of Production on the Environment/Society

3. Industry and Commerce

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. define production.

2. explain types of production.

3. state the effects of production on environment and society.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Waving

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Charts showing types of production.

2. Newspaper cuttings of the environment/society.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

MEANING OF PRODUCTION 

Production can be defined as the creation of good and service for the purpose of satisfying human consumption.

There are two (2) types of goods – capital and finished goods.

 

 

CAPITAL GOODS 

Capital goods are goods used to produce another goods. For example, machines and equipments, etc.

 

FINISHED GOODS 

Finished goods are goods produced for immediate consumption. For example, bread, books, etc.

 

TYPES/STAGES OF PRODUCTION 

There are three (3) types of production – extractive, manufacturing and constructive production.

1. EXTRACTIVE PRODUCTION

Extractive production is known as primary production or primary stage of production.

This is the first stage of production that involves extracting raw materials from the group or sea in their natural form.

For example, crude oil, iron ore, etc.

 

2. MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION 

Manufacturing production is known secondary production or secondary stage of production.

This is the second stage of production that involves transformation of raw materials into finished goods.

For example, crude oil is used for production of petroleum, kerosene, etc.

 

3. CONSTRUCTIVE PRODUCTION 

Constructive production is known as tertiary production or final stage of production.

This is the last stage of production that involves distribution of goods and services production in first and second stage of production to the final consumers.

Production is not complete until the goods are goods and services get to the final consumers.

 

 

CATEGORIES OF PRODUCTION

Production can be categories into two (2) parts – Industry and Commerce.

INDUSTRY

Industry involves extraction, manufacturing and construction.

 

COMMERCE

Commerce involves the service offered in the process of producing goods and services. For example, trade, aids to trade and general service.

 

EFFECTS OF PRODUCTION ON THE ENVIRONMENT/SOCIETY 

Positive Effects 

1. Jobs creation

2. Improve standard of living

3. Easy distribution of goods and services

4. Growth and development

5. Generate foreign exchange

6. Acquisition of special skills through division of labour

 

Negative Effects 

1. Pollution – It makes water and air unsafe drinking and breathing and useless the land for farming and grazing. It kills the aquatic animals.

2. Ground excavation – It makes the land to loose its original form.

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions;

2. Illustrates on a chart showing types of production.

Student’s Activities – Identify types of production with examples.

3. Leads discussion on the effects of production on the environment/society.

Student’s Activities – Mention the hazards of production on environment and society (environmental pollution).

4. Arranges a visit to a carpentry shop, a hair salon and a garden.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Students to:

1. define production.

2. identify types of production.

3. state two effects of production on the environment/society.

 

 

 

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