Human Development – Meaning of Puberty and Adolescence – Menstruation, Menstrual Cycle and Menstrual Hygiene – Myths and Facts about Pubertal Changes in Boys and Girls (JSS 1)

 

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FIRST TERM  

WEEK 5

JSS 1

THEME: REPRODUCTION 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Classification of Non Living Things – Metal and Non Metal Materials (JSS 1)

TOPIC – HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 

LEARNING AREA

1. Meaning of Puberty and Adolescence

2. Puberty/Adolescent Changes – Physical, Social and Emotional Changes

3. Personal Hygiene

4. Menstruation, Menstrual Cycle and Menstrual Hygiene – Myths and Facts about Pubertal Changes in Boys and Girls

5. Coping with concerns at Adolescence Pubertal Changes and Emotional Development

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. define puberty, adolescence, mensuration, menstrual cycle and hygiene.

2. state ways of maintaining hygiene and cleanliness during menstruation period.

3. identify and state changes that occur in boys and girls.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Part of the body

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Chart showing physical changes of the body

2. Charts showing menstrual cycle

3. Sanitary

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information – Human Reproduction – Meaning of Pregnancy, Symptoms of Pregnancy and Where to get help and Stages of Pregnancy (JSS 1)

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

INTRODUCTION – HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 

Human beings are born as babies. They grow from childhood to adulthood. This growth is gradual as many change occur in the body.

Human development deals with the growth of a child. Human development includes developing control over the body, mainly muscles and physical coordination.

 

DEFINITION OF TERM 

PUBERTY 

Puberty is the stage of development in child’s body mature into young adults.

For example – Development of breast and menstruation is one of the signs of puberty in Girls while growing of beard is one of the signs of puberty in Boys.

 

ADOLESCENCE 

Adolescence is the period between childhood to adulthood that occurs between ages 13 and 19. These changes take place and often start earlier, during the preteen or “tween” years: ages 9 and 12.

 

 

PERSONAL HYGIENE 

Personal hygiene is  (deals with) the total cleanliness of the body.

Personal hygiene includes:

1. Bathing,

2. Washing your hands,

3. Keeping your hair clean,

4. Brushing your teeth, etc.

 

MENSTRUATION 

Menstruation is a period of flow (blood) in girl or woman between 2 to 7 days.

A period is when blood comes out through a girl’s vagina.

 

MENSTRUAL HYGIENE 

Menstrual hygiene is the use of clean materials to absorb menstrual blood and changed as soon as possible during menstruation. That is, cleanliness of the materials used and of the body

 

MENSTRUAL CIRCLE 

Menstrual circle is the monthly menstruation (period) that prepared a girl (woman) for possible pregnancy.

 

Each month, one of the ovaries releases an egg — a process called ovulation. If ovulation takes place and the egg isn’t fertilized, the lining of the uterus sheds through the vagina.

 

The menstrual cycle, which is counted from the first day of one period to the first day of the next, isn’t the same for every woman. Menstrual flow might occur every 21 to 35 days and last two to seven days.

 

 

CHANGES IN BOYS AND GIRLS 

1. Girls initially grow taller than boys.

2. Growth of hairs in boys and girls pubic areas.

3. Changes in the voice of boys.

4. The hips of girls get broader.

5. The shoulder boys get broader.

6. The breasts of girls develop.

7. Girls menstruation begin.

8. Boys semen production starts.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions;

2. Asks the students what they understand by puberty, adolescence, mensuration, menstrual cycle and hygiene. .

Student’s Activities – Explain the meaning of puberty, adolescence, mensuration, menstrual cycle and hygiene.

3. Ask the students to state the importance of cleanliness during menstruation and define menstrual hygiene.

Student’s Activities – State the importance of cleanliness during menstruation.

4. Guides students to identify and state major changes in boys an girls.

Pupil’s Activities – State major changes in boys an girls.

 

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

Next Lesson – Family Health – Meaning (Types) of Sanitation – Importance of Sanitation – Methods of Sanitation (JSS 1)

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Students to:

1. define puberty, adolescence, mensuration, menstrual cycle and hygiene.

2. state ways of maintaining hygiene and cleanliness during menstruation period.

3. identify and state changes that occur in boys and girls.

 

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