Family Health – Meaning (Types) of Sanitation – Importance of Sanitation – Methods of Sanitation (JSS 1)

 

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FIRST TERM  

WEEK 6

JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL – JSS 1

THEME: FAMILY HEALTH 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Human Development – Meaning of Puberty and Adolescence – Menstruation, Menstrual Cycle and Menstrual Hygiene – Myths and Facts about Pubertal Changes in Boys and Girls (JSS 1)

TOPIC – SANITATION 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Definition of Sanitation

3. Importance of Sanitation

4. Methods of Sanitation

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. define sanitation.

2. state the importance of sanitation.

3. identify and state methods of sanitation.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

General cleaning of the environment

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

Cleaning materials

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

INTRODUCTION 

Family health is a collection responsibility of each and every members of family to keep safe and healthy. One of the ways to keep safe and healthy is take care of ourselves and surroundings.

 

MEANING OF SANITATION 

Sanitation is the general cleanliness and safe removal of waste (unclean substance) completely from our environment.

 

 

Proper waste disposal waste disposal such as human feces, urine and other unclean substance is called sanitation.

After cleaning our surroundings, there is need to clean our our body.

 

TYPES OF SANITATION

1. PERSONAL SANITATION

Personal sanitation is the total cleanliness of our body and personal belongings on daily and regular basis.

 

2. ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION

Environmental sanitation is total cleanliness of the our surroundings such as homes, schools, and communities.

 

IMPORTANCE OF SANITATION 

1. It prevents spread of diseases.

2. It keeps our surroundings clean and beautiful.

3. It makes us feel good.

4. It increase life span.

5. It makes our surroundings free from insects and pests.

6. It makes our environment safe for all.

 

METHODS OF SANITATION 

Sanitation is a safe removal of waste from our surroundings. How the waste is properly removed or disposed is called methods of sanitation or waste disposal.

1. Landfill

2. Incineration

3. Recycling

 

 

LESSON SUMMARY 

Teacher’s/Student’s Activities – Writes notes on the board for the students copy the board summary into their notebooks. 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; then, the teacher –

2. Guides students to define sanitation and its importance.

Student’s Activities – Define sanitation and state the importance of sanitation.

3. Leads students to identify types and methods of sanitation.

Student’s Activities – Identify types and methods of sanitation.

4. Initiates discussion on each types and methods of sanitation.

Student’s Activities – Participate in the class discussion and copy the lesson summary.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

Next Lesson – Family Health – Meaning of Nutrition and Balanced Diet – Classes of Foods – Plan Adequate Diet for A Home (JSS 1)

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Students to:

1. 1. define sanitation.

2. state 5 importance of sanitation.

3. state and explain 3 methods of sanitation.

 

 

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