BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
WEEK 7 | WEEK 8
JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL (JSS 1)
THEME: FAMILY HEALTH
TOPIC – NUTRITION
1. Introductory Activities
2. Meaning of Nutrition
3. Meaning of Balanced Diet
4. Classes of Foods
5. A Plan Adequate Diet for A Home
By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –
1. identify food types.
2. group food into classes based on nutrient content.
3. explain the meaning of adequate diet.
4. plan an adequate diet for a home.
Common foods in their locality
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Food items
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
Nutrition is the content of foods that makes us to grow well and healthy.
MEANING OF FOODS
Foods are nourishing substance that we eat and drink, or taken into the body for healthy living.
TYPES OF FOODS
3. Grains, legumes, nuts and seeds
4. Meat and poultry
5. Fish and seafood
6. Dairy foods
MEANING OF ADEQUATE/BALANCED DIET
Adequate/Balanced diets are the different types of food that provide adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health.
THREE MAJOR MEALS OF THE DAY
CLASSES OF FOOD
Carbohydrates are energy given food and found in food like rice, noodles, bread and other products that have grains.
Proteins are for growth, maintain or repair tissues and found in food like rice, beans, dairy products, fish, meat, eggs.
Vitamins help to regulate and boost immune system of the body. They can be found in almost any product on the Earth.
4. FATS AND OILS
Fats and oils are for growth and function normally and help with tissue growth. They are found in foods like meat, fish, whole eggs, vegetables, nuts.
Minerals are Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium and Zinc. Minerals can be found meat, fish, poultry, grains.
Water support life and needed on regular basis.
REASONS FOR EATING FOOD
We eat for the following reasons –
3. Preventing disease
4. Fighting disease
6. Social enjoyment
PLANNING ADEQUATE BALANCED MEAL
- Bread with butter and Tea
- Boiled Plantains and Stew
- Fried plantains and Beans, and so on.
- Amala with Fish stew and Ewedu
- Fufu with Efo Riro (vegetable stew)
- Jollof Rice and Dodo (fried plantain) with meat or chicken stew
- Iyan (pounded yam) with Egusi stew
- White Rice with moi moi and stewed fish or fried meat or chicken
- Semolina or Amala with Ogbonno and Bitter Leaf stew.
- Rice with Efo Riro (vegetable stew)
- Fried Rice with coleslaw, fried chicken
- Eko with meat or chicken stew, Boiled Plantains with meat or chicken stew or vegetable stew, Tuwo (ground rice) with meat stew.
MENU CARD DAILY BALANCED DIET PLAN
Teacher’s/Student’s Activities – Writes notes on the board for the students copy the board summary into their notebooks.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; then, the teacher –
2. Leads students to identify food types, food nutrients and classes.
Student’s Activities – bring food items from home.
3. Guides students to group foods into classes based on nutrient content.
Student’s Activities – Sort foods into classes.
4. guides class in discussion on adequate diet and planning an adequate diet for a home.
Student’s Activities – Participate in class discussion.
Teacher’s/Student’s Activities – Prepare adequate diet for home.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Next Lesson – Meaning of Drug – Drug Abuse – Substance Abuse – Addiction – Drug Misuse – Source of Drug – Side Effects of Drug (JSS 1)
1. list food types.
2. classify foods based on nutrient content.
3. define adequate diet.
4. produce adequate diet chart.