Family Health – Meaning of Nutrition and Balanced Diet – Classes of Foods – Plan Adequate Diet for A Home (JSS 1)

 

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FIRST TERM  

WEEK 7 | WEEK 8 

JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL (JSS 1) 

THEME: FAMILY HEALTH 

TOPIC – NUTRITION 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning of Nutrition

3. Meaning of Balanced Diet

4. Classes of Foods

5. A Plan Adequate Diet for A Home

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. identify food types.

2. group food into classes based on nutrient content.

3. explain the meaning of adequate diet.

4. plan an adequate diet for a home.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Common foods in their locality

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Food items

2. Charts

3. Posters

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

 

WEEK 7

 

INTRODUCTION

Nutrition is the content of foods that makes us to grow well and healthy.

 

MEANING OF FOODS

Foods are nourishing substance that we eat and drink, or taken into the body for healthy living.

 

 

TYPES OF FOODS

1. Vegetables

2. Fruits

3. Grains, legumes, nuts and seeds

4. Meat and poultry

5. Fish and seafood

6. Dairy foods

7. Eggs

 

MEANING OF ADEQUATE/BALANCED DIET 

Adequate/Balanced diets are the different types of food that provide adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health.

 

THREE MAJOR MEALS OF THE DAY 

1. Breakfast

2. Lunch

3. Dinner

 

CLASSES OF FOOD

1. CARBOHYDRATES 

Carbohydrates are energy given food and found in food like rice, noodles, bread and other products that have grains.

 

2. PROTEINS 

Proteins are for growth, maintain or repair tissues and found in food like rice, beans, dairy products, fish, meat, eggs.

 

3. VITAMINS 

Vitamins help to regulate and boost immune system of the body. They can be found in almost any product on the Earth.

 

4. FATS AND OILS 

Fats and oils are for growth and function normally and help with tissue growth. They are found in foods like meat, fish, whole eggs, vegetables, nuts.

 

 

5. MINERALS 

Minerals are Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium and Zinc. Minerals can be found meat, fish, poultry, grains.

 

6. WATER 

Water support life and needed on regular basis.

 

 

WEEK 8 

 

REASONS FOR EATING FOOD 

We eat for the following reasons –

1. Energy

2. Growth

3. Preventing disease

4. Fighting disease

5. Cleaning

6. Social enjoyment

 

PLANNING ADEQUATE BALANCED MEAL 

1. Breakfast

  • Ogi (Pap)
  • Bread and Eggs
  • Bread with butter and Tea
  • Golden Morn
  • Boiled Plantains and Stew
  • Nigerian Salad
  • Rice and Beans
  • Fried plantains and Beans, and so on.

 

2. Lunch

  • Amala with Fish stew and Ewedu
  • Fufu with Efo Riro (vegetable stew)
  • Jollof Rice and Dodo (fried plantain) with meat or chicken stew
  • Iyan (pounded yam) with Egusi stew
  • White Rice with moi moi and stewed fish or fried meat or chicken
  • Semolina or Amala with Ogbonno and Bitter Leaf stew.

 

 

3. Dinner

  • Rice with Efo Riro (vegetable stew)
  • Fried Rice with coleslaw, fried chicken
  • Eko with meat or chicken stew, Boiled Plantains with meat or chicken stew or vegetable stew, Tuwo (ground rice) with meat stew.

 

MENU CARD DAILY BALANCED DIET PLAN 

 

 

LESSON SUMMARY 

Teacher’s/Student’s Activities – Writes notes on the board for the students copy the board summary into their notebooks. 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; then, the teacher –

2. Leads students to identify food types, food nutrients and classes.

Student’s Activities – bring food items from home.

3. Guides students to group foods into classes based on nutrient content.

Student’s Activities – Sort foods into classes.

 

 

4. guides class in discussion on adequate diet and planning an adequate diet for a home.

Student’s Activities – Participate in class discussion.

Teacher’s/Student’s Activities – Prepare adequate diet for home.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

Next Lesson – Meaning of Drug – Drug Abuse – Substance Abuse – Addiction – Drug Misuse – Source of Drug – Side Effects of Drug (JSS 1)

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Students to:

1. list food types.

2. classify foods based on nutrient content.

3. define adequate diet.

4. produce adequate diet chart.

 

 

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