Meaning of Drug – Drug Abuse – Substance Abuse – Addiction – Drug Misuse – Source of Drug – Side Effects of Drug (JSS 1)

 

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FIRST TERM  

WEEK 9

JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL (JSS 1) 

THEME: YOU AND THE ENVIRONMENT 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Family Health – Meaning of Nutrition and Balanced Diet – Classes of Foods – Plan Adequate Diet for A Home (JSS 1)

TOPIC – DRUG  

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Definition of Terms – Drug, Drug Abuse, Substance Abuse, Addiction and Drug Misuse

3. Sources of Drug

4. Medical Uses of Drug

5. Side Effects of Drug

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. explain the meaning of drugs.

2. state the medical uses and ‘side effects’ of drugs.

3. classify drugs and their sources.

4. explain the term drug and substance abuse.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Drug

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Charts

2. Sample of drugs

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

INTRODUCTION

MEANING OF DRUG 

Drugs are substances (liquid, solid or gas) that are used to cure or prevent illness.

A drug is a substance that affects the operations of the body. If we take drugs during sickness, they make us feel better, when we take them according to doctor’s prescription.

 

TYPES OF DRUGS 

Drugs can be naturally or chemical in nature.

Synthetic drugs are man made drugs and natural drugs are found in nature.

 

 

1. NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS

Naturally occurring drugs e.g. honey, salt, alcohol, caffeine in Kolanut, bitter leaf, palm wine, etc.

These drugs occur in nature. They are products of plants or animals.

 

2. SYNTHETIC DRUGS

These are produced by mixing chemical compounds together e.g. cough syrup, panadol, etc.

These are usually produced by pharmaceutical companies under licence.

 

MEANING OF DRUG ABUSE 

Drug abuse is the wrong (misuse) of drugs to get self drive.

Drugs used this ways are not prescribed by doctors, nurses or pharmacists.

 

MEANING OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE 

There are substances that are regular as drugs. Substances are in solid, liquid and gas form.

For example – coffee, palm wine, alcohol, indian hemp, tobacco, codeine, etc. and including poison.

These substances are very dangerous if abuse because they affect the body and mind.

 

MEANING OF DRUG ADDICTION 

Drug addiction is inability to do without a particular drug or substance without considering its side effects or consequences.

Drug addiction begins with self medication. Self medication is a form of drug abuse. It is the use of drug based on self initiative or by unqualified people.

 

 

MEANING OF DRUG MISUSE 

Drug misuse is the wrong used of drug.

Mostly, drugs are used without doctor’s prescription or ignorantly, not understand the use of such drugs.

 

SOURCE OF DRUGS 

There are many source of drugs. These sources can be classified as good and bad source of drugs.

 

A. GOOD SOURCE OF DRUGS 

The good source of drugs are –

1. Hospitals

2. Clinics

3. Pharmacies

4. Other registered dealers in drugs.

 

B. BAD SOURCE OF DRUGS

The bad source of drugs are –

1. Hawkers

2. Buses

3. Hotels

4. Beer parlours

5. Night clubs

6. Road sides

 

MEDICAL USES OF DRUGS 

1. Curative Drugs 

These are drugs used for healing or treatment of sickness and diseases.

 

2. Therapeutic Drugs 

These are drugs used for making people feel relaxed and calm.

 

3. Diagnostic Drugs 

These are drugs used used to help diagnose a disease or condition.

 

4. Replacement Drugs

These are drugs used to replace substances found in the body system or used to fill the body deficiency.

 

5. Preventive Drugs 

These are drugs used for preventing sickness and diseases.

 

 

ASSIGNMENT

Find out 5 examples for each of the above drugs.

 

SIDE EFFECTS OF DRUGS 

Drugs prescription and medical devices may also have side effects and complications.

1. Diarrhea

2. Drowsiness

3. Fatigue

4. Dizziness

5. Rash

6. Stomach upset

7. Nausea and vomiting

8. Heart issues such as palpitations, irregular heartbeats

 

SIDE EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE 

1. Poor performance in school

2. Truancy

3. School drop out

4. Financial problems

5. Poor work

6. Poor relationships with other people and family

7. Violence in the family

8. Social outcast

9. Army robbery, etc.

 

LESSON SUMMARY 

Teacher’s/Student’s Activities – Writes notes on the board for the students copy the board summary into their notebooks. 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; then, the teacher –

2. Leads discussion on the meaning of drug abuse.

Student’s Activities – participate in class discussion.

 

 

3. Uses charts to classify drugs.

Student’s Activities – Classify drugs.

4. Guides and discusses different source of drugs;

Student’s Activities – Make a list of different source of drugs.

5. Arranges for a guess talk on side effects of drugs and drugs abuse.

Student’s Activities – Listen and learn from the guest talk.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

Next Lesson – Male and Female Reproductive Organs (Internal and External) – Functions and Cares of Male and Female Reproductive Organs (JSS 1)

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Students to:

1. explain the meaning of drug abuse.

2. state 2 sources of drugs.

3. give 5 examples of drug or substance abuse.

4. mention 2 effects of drug abuse.

 

 

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