Male and Female Reproductive Organs (Internal and External) – Functions and Cares of Male and Female Reproductive Organs (JSS 1)

 

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FIRST TERM  

WEEK 10

JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL – JSS 1

THEME: HUMAN REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning of Drug – Drug Abuse – Substance Abuse – Addiction – Drug Misuse – Source of Drug – Side Effects of Drug (JSS 1)

TOPIC – MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Parts of the Reproductive Organs

3. Internal and External Reproductive Organs

4. Functions of Reproductive Organs

5. Cares of Male and Female Reproductive Organs

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. explain reproduction in human beings;

2. identify the male and female reproductive organs;

3. state the functions and cares of the male and female reproductive organs.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

Male and Female Reproductive Organs

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of charts or models of male and female reproductive organs.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

INTRODUCTION

All animals reproduce their young ones sexually. This happens when a male and a female animal of the same type mate.

After mating, the female may lay eggs as in the case of chickens, ducks and other animals like fishes, insects and frogs. These eggs later hatch into young animals.

In other animals like goats, cows, dogs, etc., after the male and the female mate, the female carries the pregnancy and later gives birth to the young animal alive.

 

 

Teacher’s remark – Like other living things, human beings reproduce. It’s what keeps the population going. In humans, this happens when the male and female reproductive systems work together to make a baby.

In this week lesson, we are going to be learning the human reproductive system.

 

MEANING OF REPRODUCTION

Reproduction is the process by which a living organism produces its young ones or likeness.

 

INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS 

MALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGAN 

Male reproductive organs produce sperms and transfer it to the female reproductive organ to get fertilized and produce the new one of their kind.

INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS – MALE

Male internal structures are the –

1. Vas deferens

2. Seminal vesicles

3. Prostate gland, and

4. Bulbourethral glands.

 

Male external structures are the –

1. Penis

2. Scrotum

3. Epididymis, and

4. Testes.

 

FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGAN 

Female reproductive organs produces ovum (eggs) and when get fuse with the male gamete (sperms), produces the young ones and nurture it till the full growth before birth.

 

 

INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS – FEMALE

Female’s internal reproductive organs are the –

1. Vaginas

2. Uterus

3. Fallopian tubes

4. Cervix, and

5. Ovary.

 

Female’s external reproductive organs are the –

1. Mons pubis

2. Pudendal cleft

3. Labia majora and minora

4. Vulva

5. Bartholin’s gland, and

6. Clitoris.

 

FUNCTIONS OF MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM 

Functions of Male Reproductive System

1. Produce sperm.

2. Transfer sperms to the ovum.

 

Functions of Female Reproductive System

1. Produce ovum (eggs)

2. Receive and fertilize the male sperm.

3. Support the development of the growing embryo.

4. To provide nourishment to the infants (newborn) by secreting milk in mammary glands (breast).

 

CARES OF MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS 

MALE

1. Practice safe sex.

2. Quit smoking.

3. Practice personal hygiene.

4. Visit your doctor.

5. Maintain healthy lifestyle.

6. Exercise regularly.

 

 

FEMALE

1. Practice safe sex.

2. Track your monthly cycle.

3. Drink a lot of water.

4. Choose your birth control wisely.

5. Always prepare for your monthly cycle.

6. Practice personal hygiene

7. Visit your doctor.

 

LESSON SUMMARY 

Teacher’s/Student’s Activities – Writes notes on the board for the students copy the board summary into their notebooks. 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; then, the teacher –

2. Asks pupils to briefly discuss how the animals reproduce their young ones.

Student’s activities – Briefly discuss how the animals reproduce their young ones.

3. Guides pupils to explain what is reproduction.

Student’s Activities – Explain what reproduction is.

4. Asks pupils to examine and identify male and female reproductive systems on the chart.

Student’s Activities – Identify the male and female reproductive systems.

5. Tells pupils to draw and label male and female reproductive systems.

 

 

Student’s Activities – Drawing and labeling male and female reproductive systems.

6. Discusses the functions of male and female reproductive systems.

Student’s Activities – State the functions of male and female reproductive systems.

7. Classroom Note – as noted in each activities.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

Next Lesson – Revision and Examination

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Students to:

1. explain the meaning of reproduction in human beings;

2. mention the various organs of male and female reproductive system;

3. draw and label male and female reproductive systems;

4. state the functions of the organs of male and female reproductive system.

 

 

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