Our Weather – Meaning of Weather | Factors Affecting Weather | Weather Instruments Primary 4 (Basic 4) and Primary 6 (Basic 6) – Basic Science and Technology

Last Updated on July 19, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

 

BASIC SCIENCE (BST) 

FIRST TERM

WEEK 5/PRIMARY 4 

WEEK 4/PRIMARY 6

PRIMARY 4

THEME – LEARNING ABOUT OUR ENVIRONMENT 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Changes in Non Living Things (Primary 4)

 

TOPIC: OUR WEATHER

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning of Weather

3. Factors Affecting Weather

4. Weather Instruments

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor):

1. state the meaning of weather;

2. identify the factors affecting the weather.

3. relate weather conditions to changes in these factors.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can identify the present season (rainy or dry season).

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. A chart showing the weather conditions,

2. A chart showing the weather instruments;

3. Various sizes of cans,

4. Sheets of metal (aluminum)

5. Cutter, Wires, Stands,

6. Thermometer, Tracing paper, Graph sheet.

7. A chat showing the weather symbols

8. Cardboard papers

9. Coloured pencil

10. Crayons

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES 

ACTIVITY 1

Teacher’s Activities – Ask the pupils to state the major reason for the following –

1. Bathing with warm water.

2. Drinking a chill drink.

3. Using hand fan.

4. Using umbrella.

5. Open/Close the room’s door and window.

6. Putting on/off the electric fan.

Pupil’s Activities – The main reason is weather. We bath with warm water when the weather is cold, drink chill water when the weather is hot, etc.

Teacher’s remark – Correct. The main reason for the above is WEATHER. Sometimes, weather determine the kinds of water (cool or warm) we used for bathing, drinking. Kinds of clothes we wear. When we are feeling heat, we open our door and windows for more ventilation. Sometimes, we close our window because the weather is cold…

Ask and discuss the meaning of weather. Summary the meaning on the board.

 

MEANING OF WEATHER

Weather is the state of the atmosphere at a particular time.

It is the conditions or the state of the atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness.

 

ACTIVITY 2

Teacher’s Activities – Ask the pupils, what cause us to –

1. Bathing with warm water.

2. Drinking a chill drink.

3. Using hand fan.

4. Using umbrella.

5. Open/Close the room’s door and window.

6. Putting on/off the electric fan.

Pupil’s Activities – Rainfall and sunshine caused us to either bath with warm or cool water, drink chill water, etc.

Teacher’s remark – Listen to the pupils and appreciate their contribution. The sun, rain, wind, etc. are factors affecting weather. Support their points, introduce and discuss factors affecting the weather. List the factors on the board.

 

FACTORS AFFECTING WEATHER

These atmospheric conditions are affected by:

1. Sun

2. Cloud

3. Wind

4. Temperature

5. Precipitation – rain, snow, dew, fog, mist

6. Moisture – water vapour

7. Humidity – amount of moisture in particular place and time. 

 

LESSON 2 – A TRIP TO METEOROLOGICAL STATION 

Visit a meteorological station to observe and learn how to use some standard weather instruments.

 

MEANING AND USES OF WEATHER’S INSTRUMENTS 

Weather instruments include –

1. Thermometers

  • This is used for for measuring temperature.

 

2. Barometers 

  • This is used for measuring pressure.

 

3. Anemometers

  • This is used to for measuring wind speed.

 

4. Wind vanes

  • This is used for measuring wind direction.

5. Rain gauges

  • This is used for measuring rainfall.

 

LESSON 3 – MAKING SOME OF THE WEATHER INSTRUMENTS

Guide the pupils to make some of the weather instruments using the available improvise materials.

 

Other Method – Our Weather – Meaning and Symbols of Weather and Weather Records (Primary 4 and 6) ASEI PDSI METHOD

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. States the meaning of weather;

3. Guides pupils to discuss factors affecting weather and helps them to suggest how these factors determine weather changes.

4. Teacher’s Activities – Visit a meteorological station to observe and learn how to use some standard weather instruments.

Pupil’s Activities – Take part in the trip to meteorological Station.

5. Summary the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON

Our Weather – Meaning and Symbols of Weather and Weather Records (Primary 4 and 6)

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to:

1. define weather.

2. list two factors affecting the weather.

3. describe the effect of changes in the factors.

4. mention 3 weather instruments and their uses.

 

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. ___________ is the state of the atmosphere at a particular time.

A. Weather

B. Rainfall

C. Sunshine

 

2. ___________ is the state of the atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness.

A. Rainfall

B. Wind

C. Weather

 

3. ___________ is a facility with all instruments and equipment used for measuring weather.

A. Police station

B. Meteorological station

C. Water station

 

4. ___________ is also known as weather station.

A. Water station

B. Police station

C. Meteorological station

 

5. ___________ is used for for measuring temperature.

A. Barometer

B. Thermometer

C. Speedometer

 

6. ___________ is used for measuring pressure.

A. Anemometers

B. Thermometer

C. Barometer

 

7. ___________ is used to for measuring wind speed.

A. Thermometer

B. Wind van

C. Anemometers

 

8. ___________ is used for measuring wind direction.

A. Thermometer

B. Wind van

C. Wind meter

 

9. ___________ is used for measuring rainfall.

A. Rain guage

B. Rain meter

C. Rain meter

 

10. Thermometers is used for for measuring ___________.

A. pressure

B. rainfall

C. temperature

 

11. Barometers is used for measuring ___________.

A. pressure

B. rainfall

C. temperature

 

12. Anemometers is used to for measuring ___________.

A. wind direction

B. wind speed

C. rain speed

 

13. Wind vanes is used for measuring ___________.

A. wind direction

B. wind speed

C. rain speed

 

14. Rain gauge is used for measuring ___________.

A. sunshine

B. wind speed

C. rainfall

 

15. ___________ are devices used for measuring weather.

A. Rain instruments

B. Wind instruments

C. Pressure instruments