PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION
BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
THEME: PATHOGENS, DISEASES AND THEIR PREVENTION
PREVIOUS LESSON – Spread of Diseases | Ways by Which Diseases are Spread with Specific Examples and Symptoms Primary 4 (Basic 4) Term 3 Week 8 Physical and Health Education
TOPIC – CONCEPT OF DISEASES
2. Meaning of Diseases
3. Different between Signs and Symptoms
4. Disease Preventive Measures
5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –
1. explain the meaning of disease.
2. identify different between signs and symptoms.
3. Explain diseases preventive measures.
2. investigate the preventive measures of diseases.
The pupils can identify some of the common diseases in their communities and how to prevent them.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
All Relevant Material
Online Information – Health Line
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION
Disease is a failure of the body to function well as a result of the activities of germs or pathogens.
The steps taken to prevent the contact and spread of diseases are known as preventive measures of diseases.
MEANING OF DISEASE PREVENTIVE MEASURES
Disease preventive measures are necessary steps taken to prevent the contact and spread of diseases.
Infectious diseases are caused by types of bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi around us.
It’s important to understand how these diseases are spread.
If you understand the transmission process, you can use this knowledge to protect yourself and help prevent the spread of diseases.
DISEASE PREVENTIVE MEASURES
The preventive measures of disease are as follows:
1. Adequate nutrition
2. Good hygiene
3. Good ventilation
4. Clean environment
5. Use of safe water
6. Proper disposal of refuse and sewage
7. Seeking and getting treatment on time
8. Exercise regularly
9. Immunizations and Vaccination
10. Health education
11. Enough rest
LESSON 2 – DIFFERENT BETWEEN SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
MEANING OF HEALTH SIGNS
A sign is a health issue that can be observed by the doctors and other people by feeling, hearing or seeing.
Common signs are as follows:
1. Loss of weight
2. Body rashes and bruise
5. Cough and catarrh
10. Loss of appetite, etc.
A symptom is the effect felt and experienced only by the patients.
Common symptoms are as follows:
1. Feeling feverish
4. Sore throat
5. Discomfort or other pain or pains in the body.
LESSON 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)
As stated in performance objectives or lesson evaluation.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Teacher organizes pupils in groups or pairs depending on the size of the class.
3. Teacher asks pupils to state the reason why we waste our hands before eating, waste our plates after eating, clean our environment, etc.
Pupils Activities – State the importance of hygiene.
4. Teacher listens to the pupils and uses their responses to introduce the lesson.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand the concept of the lesson.
5. Teacher leads a discussion on the preventive measures of disease.
Pupil’s Activities – State and analyze the importance of preventive measures of disease.
6. Teacher asks the groups or pairs to discuss how our parents or doctors know that we are sick.
Pupil’s Activities – State the common health signs.
7. Teacher listens to the pupils and uses their responses to lead a discussion on the sign and symptoms with appropriate examples.
Pupil’s Activities – Identify and state common health signs and symptoms in their communities.
8. Teacher summarizes the lesson on the board with appropriate lesson evaluation.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the summary of the lesson by responding correctly to the lesson evaluation and write as instructed.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Teacher asks pupils to:
1. explain the meaning of disease preventive measure.
2. state 5 ways to prevent the contact and spread of diseases.
3. different between health signs and symptoms.
4. give 5 examples of common health signs.
5. mention 5 examples of common health symptoms.
WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)
1. ________ is a failure of the body to function well as a result of the activities of germs or pathogens.
2. The steps taken to prevent the contact and spread of diseases are known as ________.
A. preventive measures of disease
B. pathogen diseases
C. different between sign and symptom
3. ________ is a health issue that can be observed by the doctors and other people.
4. Signs can be noticed by ________, ________ or ________.
A. feeling, hearing, microscope
B. feeling, airpod and seeing
C. feeling, hearing and seeing
5. A symptom is the effect felt and experienced only by the ________.
6. Who is a parent?
A. The person that is receiving cheque.
B. The person that is receiving award.
C. The person that is receiving treatment.
7. ________ is the effect felt and experienced only by the person itself.
8. Which of these not a sign of common health sign?
9. One of these is a common health signs.
C. Skin rashes
10. ________ is not common health symptom.
C. Sore throat
11. Common health symptom is ________.
B. loss of weight
12. Disease preventive measures are necessary steps taken to prevent the contact and spread of diseases.
13. Infectious diseases are not caused by types of bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi around us.
14. It’s important to understand how diseases are spread.
A. Yes, it is important
B. No, it is not important
C. I’m not sure
15. If you understand the transmission process, you can use this knowledge to protect yourself and help prevent the spread of diseases.
C. Not possible
State 3 common health signs.
Mention 2 common health symptoms.
List 5 disease preventive measures.