Division of Labour in Agricultural Industrial | Various Jobs in Agricultural Industry Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Term 2 Week 8 Social Studies
RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES
THEME – AGRICULTURE
PREVIOUS LESSON – Mid Term Test and Break, Separation of Power | Cooperation and Benefits of Cooperation Between State and Local Governments Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Term 2 Week 6 Social Studies
TOPIC – DIVISION OF LABOUR AND AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY
2. Meaning of Division of Labour
3. Meaning of Agricultural Industry
4. Types of Agricultural Industry
5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –
1. explain the concept of division of labour.
2. describe the concept of agricultural industry.
3. list various jobs people do in the agricultural products.
Some of the people understand the concept of agriculture.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. Farm tools – hoe, cutlass, etc.
2. Farm products like yam, onions, etc.
3. Chart of farm equipments.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION
Agriculture is the planting of crops and raising of livestock.
It is also an industry where so goods and services are produce.
There are many people in agriculture industry. Some are farmers, fishermen, animal husbandry, teachers, manufacturers, traders, etc.
The work in agriculture can not be done by one person. There is need for different labour to compliment one another.
Labour in agriculture is the people that worked in a farm.
MEANING OF DIVISION OF LABOUR
Division of Labour is when different people do different activities under the same unit of job.
In agriculture for instance, sometimes the people that cultivate the land are not the one that plant or harvest the crops.
MEANING OF AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY
Agricultural industry is an industry where crops and animals are produced for processing and consumption of man.
The crops can be classified into food and cash crops. Likewise, the animals into domestic and wild animals.
Food and cash crops served different purposes. Food crops meant for immediate consumption while cash crops are economical crops that are exchanged for cash.
Domestic animals are adapted and live alongside with humans while wild animals also known as wildlife. Wild animals are undomesticated animals. Some of them that serve as food and drugs.
LESSON 2 – VARIOUS JOBS IN THE AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY
1. Crop production
2. Animal production
This is the production of food and cash crops.
The people under this type of agriculture are called crop farmers.
Animal Production is the keeping, feeding, breeding, housing and marketing of animals for profit.
It is also involves hunting of animals in the wild.
The people in animal production is called animal husbandry. People that hunt animals in the wild is called hunter.
Fishery is the raising or harvesting fish and other aquatic life private or commercial purposes.
People in the fishery industry is known as fishermen.
Forestry is the practice of growing, preserving and managing economic trees.
People in forestry industry is called forester.
Manufacturing is the practice of making agricultural products from the crops, animals, forests, etc.
Trading is the practice of buying and selling agricultural products.
People in this industry is called trader.
Teaching is the practice of teaching the younger ones to become professional in agricultural industry.
The people in the industry are called teacher or lecturer.
LESSON 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Displays chart showing division of labour on the farm.
3. Allows the pupils to examine and analyze the activities on the chart.
4. Participates actively in the pupils activities in order to support their analysis.
Pupil’s Activities – Identify each job done by different people on the same farm.
5. Uses the above activities to introduce the lesson and discuss the meaning of division of labour in agricultural industrial.
- Allows the pupils to relate the concept of division of labour in agriculture to other businesses in their locality. For example – the fashion designer, hairdresser, carpenter, etc.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction and define the concept of division of labour in agricultural industry.
6. Displays chart showing different types of agriculture or jobs in agric industry.
7. Allows the pupils to figure out different job opportunities in agriculture.
8. Uses the chart to guide the pupils to identify different job opportunities in agriculture.
Pupil’s Activities – State each of the job opportunities in agriculture.
9. Asks the pupils to find out why division of labour is necessary in agric industry.
10. Summarizes each lesson on the board.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the summary of the lesson and write as instructed.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
- Next Lesson – Why Division of Labour is Necessary in Agricultural Industry | Problems and Solutions to the Problems Agricultural Industry Primary 4 (Basic 4) Term 2 Week 9 Social Studies
Ask pupils to:
1. explain concept of division in agricultural industry.
2. describe the meaning of agricultural industry.
3. state and describe 5 various jobs of the agricultural industry.
4. explain how the various jobs relate to one another in the agricultural industry.
5. Match each of the following the correct one.
Crop production – – – – – – – – – – – – Manufacturer
Animals production – – – – – – – – – Forester
Trading – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Fishermen
Forestry – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Teacher
Fishery – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Animal husbandry
Manufacturing – – – – – – – – – – – – – Farmer
Teaching – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – -Trader