RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES
PREVIOUS LESSON – Arms of Government Primary 5 (Basic 5) Term 2 Week 3 Civic Education
TOPIC: ARMS OF GOVERNMENT
2. Functions of the Arms of Government
3. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –
1. identify the arms of government.
2. state the function of legislative arm of government.
3. mention the function of executive arm of government.
4. list the function of judiciary arm of government.
The pupils can describe the arms of government with appropriate examples.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of Photos, Video clips, Newspapers, Nigerian Constitution, Resource person
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
All Relevant Material
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – MEANING OF GOVERNMENT
There are three (3) arms of government, namely – executive, legislative and judiciary.
Each of the arm of government has its own primary and other functions.
The three (3) arms of government used their primary functions to check one another.
FUNCTIONS OF THE LEGISLATIVE ARM OF GOVERNMENT
Legislative arm of government is the arm of government who makes law for good governance.
The primary functions of the legislative arm of government is to make law, other functions are as follows –
1. Passing bills into laws.
2. Establishing the government’s budget.
3. Confirming executive appointments and ambassadors in a presidential system.
4. Ratifying treaties.
5. Investigating the executive branch.
6. Impeaching and removing from office members of the executive and judiciary
7. Redressing constituents’ grievances.
8. Representing the opinions and interest of their constituents.
9. Supervising the activities of the executives.
10. Controlling the public expenditure and the imposition of taxation.
LESSON 2 – FUNCTIONS OF THE EXECUTIVE ARM OF GOVERNMENT
Executive arms of government is the arm of government who carries out day to day function of government.
The primary function of the executive is to implement government policies and programmes and enforce public laws, other are as follows –
1. Formulating policies and laws.
2. Making law under delegated legislation.
3. Sending and receiving diplomatic representatives, negotiates international treaties and agreements.
4. Formulating foreign policies.
5. Performing ceremonial functions such as taking salute during state ceremonies.
6. charge of the armed forces and possess the power to declare and wage war and proclaim a state of martial law.
LESSON 3 – FUNCTIONS OF THE JUDICIARY ARMS OF GOVERNMENT
Judiciary arm of government is the arm of government who interprets laws and activities of the legislative and executives.
The primary function of the judiciary arm of government is to interpret laws make by legislative and executed by the executive, other functions are –
1. Punishing the offenders.
2. Safeguarding the right and liberties of citizens as stated in constitution.
3. Settling dispute between individuals or between an organizations.
4. Serving as a custodian of the constitution.
5. Maintaining peace and order.
REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. The teacher introduces the lesson by revising the previous lesson – arms of government.
2. Teacher displays chart showing functions of each arm of government.
3. Teacher asks pupils to point each function and describe.
Pupil’s Activities – Describe the functions of the arms of government as stated on the chart.
4. Teacher uses the primary function of each arm of government, the chart and pupil’s responses in number three (3) above to introduce the lesson – Function of Arms of Government.
5. Teacher leads a discussion on other functions of the arms of government – Functions of Legislative, Executive and Judiciary.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to participate actively in the class discussion.
6. Teacher plays video clips (if available) of government institutions performing their primary duties and responsibilities, e.g. offices, National, Assembly, courts, etc.
Pupil’s Activities – Watch and make notes on video clips and pictures.
7. Teacher takes pupils on a trip to nearest government institutions (if any).
Pupil’s Activities – Participate in the excursion, asks questions as discussed in the lesson and answer all the questions.
8. Teacher organizes a role plays to simulate some government functionaries.
Pupil’s Activities – Role – play to simulate some government functionaries.
9. Teacher summarizes the lesson on the board.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the lesson summary and write as instructed.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – necessity for division of government into three arms.
Teacher asks pupils to:
1. state the three arms of government.
2. mention 4 functions of the legislative arm of government.
3. list 4 functions of the executive arm of government.
4. give 4 functions of the legislative arm of government.
5. describe the relationship between the three (3) arms of government using appropriate examples.