THEME – HOW TO RAISE FARM’S CROPS
PREVIOUS LESSON – How to Raise Farm Crops – Meaning and Examples of Farm Crops (Primary 5)
TOPIC: PROCEDURE FOR RAISING FARM CROPS
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:
1. Give examples of crops;
2. Narrate and demonstrate the processes involved in raising farm crops.
The pupils are required to already land preparation for planting.
PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE – farm crops.
- Origin of farming
- Farm crops
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. School farm; Farm tools e.g. machetes, hoes, hand trowel, etc.;
2. Planting materials and inputs such as seeds of vegetables e.g. potato & yam sets, cassava cuttings;
3. Fertilizer/manure pesticides;
4. Charts of safety signs and symbols;
5. Samples of labels.
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
All Relevant Materials
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
Farm crops are plants grown and harvested for profit or food.
PROCEDURE FOR RAISING FARM CROPS
- Pre – Planting Activities
- Choice of a suitable site;
- Land clearing and stumping;
- Selection seedlings;
- Panting locally grown crops on ridges and beds in the school farm;
- Planting (spacing 1m x 1m), around June (rainy season or around October for dry season, planting season or around October).
- Post – Planting Activities
- Watering, Mulching, thinning and supply;
- Application of fertilizer/ manure;
- Staking (where applicable);
- Application of pesticides;
- Harvesting of mature crops.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Guides pupils to raise farm crops during the growing season;
3. Supplies appropriate tools and planting materials;
Pupil’s activities – Bring the required farm tools from home.
4. Takes pupils to the school farm and maps out the area to use for the year;
5. Allows pupils to prepare land themselves;
Pupil’s activities – Prepare the land for planting; carry out planting activities as directed by the teacher; plant seeds in the nursery and transplant to field. Care for the farm themselves.
6. Gives a board summary.
Pupil’s activities – Copy board summary.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – raising school farm.
1. List three crops grown in your area;
2. State the various activities involved in growing a named farm crop;
Demonstrate how to plant farm crops;
3. Care and maintain the school farm;
4. Harvest crops when mature; Keep records of farm activities performed;
5. Explain 2 safety signs or symbols on agricultural inputs;
6. Bring 2 labels on agricultural inputs.