THEME – HOME CLEANING
PREVIOUS LESSON – CARE FOR BUCKET
TOPIC – MUD AND CONCRETE SURFACE
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to identify different types of surfaces and state their advantages and disadvantages.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
- Chart showing different types of surfaces.
- Cleaning materials.
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
- Scheme of Work
- 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
- Course Book
- All Relevant Material
- Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
Surface is the top layer of an area. For example, mud surface, wooden surface, tiles surface, iron surface, etc.
TYPES OF SURFACE
- Mud Surface
- Concrete Surface
- Wooden Surface
Mud surface is a traditional finishing in Nigeria and Africa.
Advantages of Mud Surface
- Cheaper than the other floor finishes.
- It is cool, therefore good for hot weather.
Disadvantages of Mud Surface
- It is not hard wearing.
- It is not durable.
- It is not good for certain functional areas in the home e.g. Bathroom.
Cleaning of Mud Surface
- Sprinkle water lightly on the floor.
- Sweep with a soft broom.
- Sweep the floor.
- Rub with wet soft rib of banana or plantain stem.
- Rub gently
CONCRETE SURFACE OR FLOOR
Concrete floor is common, it is made up of mixture of cement, sand, gravel and water.
Advantages of Concrete Floor
- It is strong and hard wearing.
- It does not wear out easily.
- Good for every areas in the house.
- Easy to clean and wash.
Disadvantages of Concrete Floor
- It is more expensive than mud surface.
- It can become slippery.
Cleaning of Concrete Floors
- Sprinkle water lightly to keep dust.
- Sweep with broom or brush.
- Sweep the floor.
- Scrub with warm soapy water using scrubbing brush.
- Wipe off dirty water.
- Rinse with clean cloth, wrung out in clean water then mob dry.
- To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
- To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
- Presents types of different types of surface for the pupils to identify and describe.
- Pupil’s Activities – Describe different types of surface.
- Discusses with the pupils the advantages and disadvantages of each surface.
- Pupil’s Activities – Participate in the class discussion.
- Guides the pupils to clean the classroom surface and discuss other means of cleaning different types of surface.
- Pupil’s Activities – Clean the classroom surface and participate in discussing other means of cleaning different surfaces.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
- State the meaning of surface.
- Mention 3 types of surface.
- State the different between mud and concrete surfaces.
- Mention 2 advantages and disadvantages of each in question 3.
- State the daily and weekly care for mud and concrete surfaces.
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