PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION
BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
THEME – FOOD NUTRITION
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TOPIC – FOOD NUTRITION
2. Meaning and Importance of Food Nutrition
3. Source of Food Nutrition
4. Nutritional Deficiency and Diseases that Associated with It
5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –
1. explain the meaning of nutrients.
2. Describe the importance of nutrients in the body.
3. mention sources of food nutrients;
4. list describe nutritional diseases with examples.
The pupils can state the importance of food nutrition.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of chart showing classes of food.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
Scheme of Work
9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
All Relevant Material
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION
Foods are solid or liquid substances that gives essential nutrients to the body.
MEANING OF FOOD NUTRITION
Food nutrition is the essential substance present in the food that help the body to function well.
It helps the body to prevent disease and promotes good health.
TYPES OF FOOD NUTRITION
The types of food nutrition are as follows:
3. Fats and oils
SOURCE OF FOOD NUTRIENTS
Carbohydrates are energy giving foods like rice, bread, yam, etc.
Proteins are body – building foods such as beef, egg, fish, etc.
Vitamins are food substances protect the body from diseases – fruits and vegetables.
Minerals are food substances protect the body from diseases – milk, salt, red meat, etc.
5. FAT AND OIL
Fat and oil are food substances, like carbohydrates that also provide energy for work and play – salmon fish, groundnut, olive oil, etc.
This is very important. About 97% of our body is water. Water helps the digestion of food and removal of waste products from the body through excretion, urinating, respiration and perspiration (sweating).
It also helps the flow of blood.
LESSON 2 – IMPORTANCE OF FOOD NUTRITION
The importance of food nutrition are as follows:
1. It builds the body.
2. It is growth and repair of body tissue.
3. It gives energy to the body.
4. It protects the body against diseases.
MEANING OF NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY
Nutritional deficiency is an inadequate supply of essential nutrients such as vitamins and minerals in the diet resulting in malnutrition or disease.
Diseases that result from malnutrition include –
LESSON 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Teacher displays sample of different types of food or chart.
3. Teacher organizes pupils in groups or pairs depending on the size of the class.
4. Teacher asks pupils to identify and describe food.
Pupil’s Activities – Explain the meaning of food in group.
5. Teacher uses the chart and pupil’s responses to introduce the lesson – food nutrition and nutritional deficiency.
Pupils Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand the concept of the lesson.
6. Teacher leads a discussion on the meaning of food nutrition.
Pupil’s Activities – e Explain the meaning of food nutrition.
7. Teacher asks pupils to state the types and source of food nutrition.
8. Teacher uses pupil’s responses to discuss the types, source and importance of food nutrition.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the class discussion.
9. Teacher leads pupils to explain the meaning of nutritional deficiency with examples.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the teacher to explain the meaning of nutrition deficiency with appropriate examples.
10. Teacher summarizes the lesson on the board.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the lesson summary and write as instructed.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Teacher asks pupils to:
1. explain the meaning of nutrients.
2. describe the importance of nutrients in the body.
3. list 6 types of food.
4. mention sources of food nutrients;
5. explain the meaning of nutritional diseases with 3 examples.
6. differentiate between food nutrition and nutritional deficiency.