Meaning (Examples) of Synthetic and Naturally Occurring Drugs | Solutions to the Problems Drug Abuse | How to Avoid Drug Abuse Primary 6 (Basic 6) Term 2 Week 11 Social Studies
RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES
THEME – DRUGS
PREVIOUS LESSON – Concept of Drug and Drug Abuse | Meaning of Drug Abuse and Examples of Drug Often Abuse | Consequences of Drug Abuse Primary 6 (Basic 6) Term 2 Week 10 Social Studies
TOPIC – SYNTHETIC AND NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS
2. Meaning of Synthetic and Naturally Occurring Drugs
3. How to Avoid Drug Abuse
4. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able –
1. explain the meaning of drugs.
2. classify drugs as either naturally occurring drugs or synthetic drugs.
3. list examples each of naturally occurring drugs and synthetic drugs.
The pupils can differentiate between synthetic and naturally occurring drugs.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of samples of:
1. common drugs
5. raw meat and fish
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Basic Science and Technology for Book 6
4. All Relevant Materials
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION
A drug is a substance that affects the operations of the body.
If we take drugs during sickness, they make us feel better, when we take them according to doctor’s prescription.
TYPES OF DRUGS
There are 2 types of drugs.
Drugs can be naturally or chemical in nature as follows:
1. Synthetic Drugs
2. Natural Occurring Drugs
Synthetic drugs are man made drugs.
They are produced by mixing chemical compounds together.
Synthetic drugs are usually produced by pharmaceutical companies under licence.
EXAMPLES OF SYNTHETIC DRUGS
Examples of synthetic drugs are as follows:
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin B complex
- Blood tonic
- Cough syrup
- Ibu cap
- Panadol extra, etc.
Synthetic drugs are available in liquid, soil and gas.
LESSON 2 – NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS
Natural occurring drugs are found in nature.
They are products of plants or animals.
EXAMPLES OF NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS
Examples of naturally occurring drugs as follows:
- Caffeine in Kolanut
- Bitter leaf
- Palm wine, etc.
LESSON 3 – SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEMS OF DRUGS ABUSE
There are many ways to prevent drug abuse, namely –
1. Avoid bad friends.
2. Seek advice of doctors/nurses and pharmacist before taking drugs.
3. Avoid buying medicines in buses or unauthorized stores.
4. Avoid self – medication.
5. Self discipline
6. Right thinking
REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Teacher displays samples of synthetic and naturally occurring drugs.
3. Teacher organizes pupil’s in groups or pairs to identify and describe.
Pupil’s Activities – Identify and describe displayed as samples.
4. Teacher uses the samples of drugs to introduce the lesson – meaning and types of drugs.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the lesson introduction to understand the concept of synthetic and naturally occurring drugs.
5. Teacher leads a discussion on meaning and types of drugs using appropriate examples.
6. Teacher asks pupils to make a list of synthetic and naturally occurring drugs.
Pupil’s Activities – Differentiate between synthetic and naturally occurring drugs with appropriate examples.
7. Teacher arranges class visit to the nearest pharmaceutical company in the school community,if available.
Pupil’s Activities – Visit a pharmaceutical company and experience how drugs are made.
8. Teacher arranges class visit to the nearest traditional herbal store in the school community to identify naturally occurring drugs such as alcohol, clay (kaolin) ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in lime, lemon, etc.
Pupil’s Activities – Squeeze lime juice on pieces of raw meat, fresh vegetables etc. observe and record their findings.
9. Teacher discuss the solutions to the problems of drug abuse.
Pupil’s Activities – Pay attention to the discussion on the solutions to the problems of drug abuse and how to prevent drug abuse.
10. Teacher summarizes the lesson on the board.
Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the summary of the lesson and write as instructed.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
- Next Lesson – Revision and Second Term Examination Social Studies Primary 6 (Basic 6) Exam Questions
Teacher asks pupils to –
1. identify 5 types each of naturally occurring and synthetic drugs;
2. identify and name three food substances that are drugs;
3. mention three effects of ingesting such food in large amounts;
4. group drugs as synthetic and naturally occurring.