Meaning of School’s Garden and Tools | Conditions Necessary for Growing of Plants Primary 4/Basic 4 Term 2 Week 3 Basic Science

 

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

SECOND TERM

WEEK 3

PRIMARY 4

THEME –  LEARNING ABOUT OUR ENVIRONMENT 

 PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning of Soil | Meaning of Soil Constituents | Existence of Soil Constituents Primary 4/Basic 4 Term 2 Week 2 Basic Science and Technology

 

TOPIC – GARDENING TOOLS AND CONDITIONS FOR GROWING CROPS 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introduction

2. School’s Garden and Tools

3. Uses of Farm Tools

4. Conditions Necessary for Growing Plants

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. mention five garden tools.

2. mention the conditions necessary for growing plants.

 

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

The pupils can identify some of the garden tools.

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of Chart of a garden (if there no school garden) and Chart of garden tools (if no one available).

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION 

School garden can also be called a small farm.

On the school garden, we grow crops and flowers.

A school garden is a small farm where we grow some crops.

 

 

TOOLS USED ON SCHOOL’S GARDEN 

The following tools are used on the school’s garden –

1. Hoe

2. Cutlass

3. Watering can

4. Shovel

5. Rake

6. Hand fork

7. Wheelbarrow

 

 

HOE

It is used for –

  • removing weeds on the garden or farmland.
  • harvesting tuber crops like yams, potatoes, cocoyam, etc.
  • digging and tilling the soil.
  • planting yam, cassava, etc.

 

CUTLASS

Cutlass is used for –

  • cutting trees, grass, etc.
  • planting maize, guinea corns, etc.
  • digging the soil.
  • clearing the bushes.

 

WATERING CAN 

Watering can is used for –

  • water the garden or farmland.
  • spray insecticide on the garden or farmland.

 

SHOVEL

Shovel is used for –

  • digging the soil.
  • mixing the soil with organic materials.
  • removing trash from the garden or farmland.

 

RAKE

It is used for –

  • removing dirty from garden or farmland.

 

HAND FORK 

It is used for –

  • mixing soil and organic materials.

 

WHEELBARROW

It is used for –

  • carrying farmland tools or seedling to where they are needed.

 

 

LESSON 2 – CONDITIONS NEEDED FOR GROWING GOOD CROPS? 

1. Good soil

2. Water

3. Air

4. Nutrients or Manure

 

 

GROWING PLANTS IN DIFFERENT CONDITIONS 

1. Plant crops in good and bad soil.

Expected result – Plants grow well on a good soil than a bad soil.

 

2. Plant crops in wet and dry soil.

Expected result – Plants grow on a wet soil while on a dry soil, plants never grow. 

 

3. Put growing crops under the sun and in a dark.

Except result – Plants grow well under the sunlight than in a dark. 

 

4. Put growing crops in the open where their is air and in the cupboard.

Except result – Plants well in an open air while in the cupboard, stop growing. 

Note – the result will be determine over a time. 

 

 

LESSON 3 – LESSON EVALUATION 

As stated in the performance objectives or lesson evaluation and weekly assessment. 

Other Materials – Meaning of School’s Garden and Tools | Conditions Necessary for Growing of Plants Primary 4 (Basic 4) ASEI PDSI METHOD

 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Takes pupils to the schools garden (if available) or chart showing the school’s garden.

3. Asks pupils to identify some of the crops in the garden.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate in the garden activities.

4. Uses the garden to introduce the lesson – school’s garden.

5. Explains the meaning of garden and farm.

Pupil’s Activities – Listen to the lesson introduction and differentiate between garden and farm.

6. Displays sample of tools used in school’s garden (if available) or chart showing them.

7. Lets pupils examine the tools or the chart and describe their uses.

Pupils Activities – Identify tools used in the school’s garden.

7. Uses the samples or chart and pupil’s responses to introduce the lesson – school’s garden tools.

8. Guides the pupils to describe and state the school’s garden tools.

Pupil’s Activities – Identify, describe and state the school’s garden tools.

9. Displays chart showing crops under good conditions.

10. Guides pupils to examine the chart and discuss the conditions for the good crops.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate in the class discussion and state conditions for the good crops.

11. Summarizes the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate actively in the lesson of the lesson and write as instructed.

 

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

Next Lesson – Growing of Plants – Soil Preparation | Planting of Crops | Nurture and Care for the Plants Primary 4/Basic 4 Term 2 Week 3 Basic Science

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Asks pupils to:

1. define a school’s garden.

2. mention 5 garden tools.

3. mention the conditions necessary for growing plants.

 

 

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT 

ATTEMPT ALL THE QUESTIONS

 

1. School garden can also be called a small _______.

A. farm

B. weed

C. garden

 

2. On the school garden, we grow _______ and _______.

A. crops and beans

B. crops and flowers

C. flowers and beans

 

3. A school _______ is a small farm where we grow some crops.

A. garden

B. office

C. toilet

 

4. _______ is used for wedding and cultivate the soil.

A. Cutlass

B. Hand fork

C. Watering can

 

5. _______ is used to apply water on the farm.

A. Cutlass

B. Hand fork

C. Watering can

 

6. _______ is used cutting and clearing the bushes.

A. Cutlass

B. Hand fork

C. Watering can

 

7. _______ is used for mixing soil and organic matters.

A. Cutlass

B. Hand fork

C. Watering can

 

8. Good soil, water, air, nutrients or manure are not important for growing crops.

A. True

B. False

C. Yes

 

9. Plants grow well on a good soil than a bad soil.

A. True

B. False

C. Yes

 

10. What happens to plants under a sunlight and in a dark.

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