PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION
BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
THEME – LEARNING ABOUT OUR ENVIRONMENT
PREVIOUS LESSON – Environmental Quality – Meaning of a Poor Quality Environment | Disadvantages of Environmental Degradation | Causes of Environmental Degradation | Solutions to Environmental Degradation Primary 5 (Basic 5) – Basic Science and Technology
TOPIC: WASTES AND WASTE DISPOSAL
1. Introductory Discussion
2. Meaning of Waste and Waste Disposal
3. Constituents of Waste Products
4. Types of Waste Products
5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –
1. explain the meaning of waste and waste disposal.
2. list the waste constituents.
3. identify different types of waste.
4. attempt correctly, 70% (and above) of the weekly assessment.
The pupils can identify waste products and state how to dispose properly.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
1. picture/charts of waste disposal van
2. buckets, wheel barrows, drums, shovel, spade, etc.
3. Waste dumps, bottles, paper, sticks, empty can, water, wood Ash, leaf litters etc.
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
Scheme of work
9 – Year Basic Education Curriculum
Basic Science and Technology Book 6
All Relevant Materials
Online Materials – Meaning of Waste | Types of Waste Primary 5 (Basic 5) – Basic Science and Technology SMASE ASEI PDSI METHOD
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION
Most waste around us is created by humans, including everyone in this classroom. Waste is unwanted or unusable materials or substances.
It is made in our homes, communities, factories and even in schools and industries generate a lot.There is so much waste around us and much of it could harm our health. However, much of it still has some value.
MEANING OF WASTE
Waste is unwanted or unusable materials.
Waste is any substance which is discarded after primary use, or is worthless, defective and of no use.
TYPES OF WASTE
1. Solid waste
2. Liquid waste
LESSON 2 – CONTINUATION
1. SOLID WASTE
Solid waste is a refuse or trash from home, school, market, etc.
2. LIQUID WASTE
Liquid waste is a sewage water from bathroom, water closets, urine and faeces, laundry, etc.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Display chart showing different waste products.
3. Asks pupils to examine the chart.
4. Asks them to describe the contents of the chart.
Pupil’s Activities – Do as the teacher instructed.
5. Asks pupils to stated where they can be found.
Pupil’s Activities – Waste is everywhere.
6. Leads pupils to explain the meaning of waste.
Pupil’s Activities – Follow the teacher’s lead and explain the meaning of waste.
7. Lists and explain types of waste.
Pupil’s Activities – Listen to the teacher’s explanation and classify household, school, market, etc. as liquid and solid waste.
8. Summarize the meaning (types) of waste on the board.
Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Ask pupils to –
1. explain the meaning of waste.
2. differentiate between liquid and solid waste.
3. give 3 examples of:
WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)
1. ________ is an unwanted materials.
2. ________ is any substance which is discarded after primary use, or is worthless, defective and of no use.
3. ________ is a refuse or trash from home, school, market, etc.
4. ________ is a sewage water from bathroom, water closets, urine and faeces, laundry, etc.
5. ________ are the major types of waste.
C. A and B
6. Most waste around us is created by humans, including everyone in this classroom.
7. Waste is usable materials.
8. It is made in our homes, communities, factories and even in schools and industries generate a lot.
9. There is so much waste around us and much of it could not harm our health.
10. Some of the waste materials are more values.