BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
THEME – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS
PREVIOUS LESSON – Storage of Simple Machines Primary 1 (Basic 1)
TOPIC – OTHER PARTS OF THE SURROUNDING – SOIL
1. Introductory Activities
2. Meaning of Soil, Water and Air
3. Things found in the Soil
4. Importance of Soil to Animals as Habitat and Foods
5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –
1. identify other parts of their surroundings – soil, air and water.
2. recognize soil as part of our environment.
3. say the meaning of soil.
4. identify things found in the soil.
5. state the uses of soil.
Soil, Water and Air
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
2. Hand fan
METHOD OF TEACHING
Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
Copy as I write or draw as I write. This instruction should be given when you need the pupils to write or draw.
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES
Teacher’s Activities – Take the pupils out for a walk within the school compound and ask them,
- to take sample of the soil.
- get a cup of water from the nearest water source.
Pupil’s Activities – Active participation in the outdoor activities.
Teacher’s Activities – There are many things in our environment. We have people, plants and animals. We have houses, cars, etc. as parts of our surrounding. Also, soil, air and water are other parts of our surroundings. Give a great cheer for active participation, note the board – soil, air and water.
On board, copy I as write.
OTHER PARTS OF THE SURROUNDING
Other parts parts of the surrounding are –
INTRODUCTION TO SOIL
Teacher’s Activities – From the soil sample collected, guide the pupils to identify things in the soil.
Pupil’s Activities – Stones, leaves, death ants, water, living things (ants, etc.). Note – Things identify in the soil depend on the soil sample.
Teacher’s remark – There are many that can be found in the soil. List things found in the soil and discuss other things that can be found in the soil. Give a great cheer for active participation. Guide pupils to describe soil, support them and note the points on the board.
On board, copy as I write.
MEANING OF SOIL
Soil is the top layer of the earth’s surface.
THINGS FOUND IN THE SOIL
3. Leaf litter
4. Stone (small rock)
5. Death and Decay animals
6. Decay plants
7. Living organism – ants, worm, kuluso, etc.
LESSON 2 – USES (IMPORTANCE) OF SOIL ANIMALS AS HABITAT AND FOODS
Teacher’s Activities – Display charts showing common like goat, chicken and rat for the pupils to identify and state the food eaten by the animals. Guide the pupils.
Pupil’s Activities – Goat eats grass and grains while chicken eats grain and pick ants, worn, etc. inside the soil.
Teacher’s remark – Food eaten by many animals grow and come from the soil. Give a great cheer for active participation and continue the discussion.
On board, copy as I write.
USES OF SOIL TO ANIMALS AS FOOD
Soil is very important to every living things on earth. The people, plants and animals depend on what the soil produces as food and water.
Animals depend on soil because it provides food and water.
USES OF SOIL TO ANIMALS AS HABITAT
Soil also provides home and protection for the animals. Many animals like ants, worm, rats, crab, etc. live inside the soil.
REVISION AND WEEK LESSON ASSESSMENT
As stated in performance objectives or lesson evaluation.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Guides pupils to identify soil, air and water as other components of the surrounding.
Pupil’s Activities – Touch and feel soil in the playground.
3. Discuss the uses of soil.
Pupil’s Activities – Active Participation in the discussion.
4. Summarizes the lesson on the board.
Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Ask pupils to:
1. identify other parts of their surroundings.
2. explain soil.
3. discuss how soil is important to animals as habitat and foods.
ATTEMPT ALL THE QUESTIONS
1. ______________ is the top layer of the earth’s surface.
2. Soil provides ______________ and ______________ for the animals.
C. home and protection
3. Soil is very important to every ______________ on earth.
B. living things
4. The people, plants and animals depend on what the soil produces as ______________.
5. Soil is the ______________ layer of the earth’s surface.