Preservation of Farm Produce – Meaning of Food Preservation | Methods of Preserving Farm Produce | Importance of Preserving Farm Produce Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Agriculture

Last Updated on August 28, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

 

AGRICULTURE

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM

WEEK 11

PRIMARY 4

THEME – AGRICULTURE 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning of Food Processing | Importance of Food Processing or Why Farm Produce Should be Processed? Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Agriculture 

 

TOPIC: PRESERVATION OF FARM PRODUCE 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning of Food Preservation

3. Methods of Preserving Farm Produce

4. Importance of Preserving Farm Produce

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, most of the pupils should have attained the following objectives –

1. state what farm produce preservation means.

2. give reasons/importance why farm produce should be preserved.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Weeviled unpreserved crop

2. Preserved/fresh grains

3. Frozen meat or fish

4. Bottled drink

5. Canned meat, fish, milk, etc.

6. Food items for preservation – meat, fish, grains, cassava, yams, etc.

7. Posters or charts showing the different methods of food preservation e.g. people frying/smoking drying fish.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

Food preservation is very important before storage because it makes the food last longer.

In order to avoid unnecessary waste of farm products, there is need for preservation during the time of bountiful harvest.

 

PRESERVATION OF FARM PRODUCE 

Preservation of farm produce is the process of keeping farm produce in good condition and from being damaged.

 

METHOD OF PRESERVING FARM PRODUCTS

To preserve foods, the common methods are,

1. Freezing

2. Smoking

3. Canning

4. Drying

5. Salting

 

LESSON 2 – IMPORTANCE OF PRESERVATION 

1. It retains the colour, taste and nutritional value.

2. It prolongs shelf life.

3. It reduces loss.

4. It makes farm produce available in area where they are not produced.

5. It helps to protect farm produce from insects and other pests attack.

6. It make farm produce remain good and viable for planting next season.

7. It protects possible contaminated infections from unpreserved food items.

8. It saves money – buying at a cheap price when in season.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Provides grains infested by weevils for the pupils to examine and discuss why the grains are infected.

Pupil’s Activities – State reasons why the grains are infected.

3. Displays different farm crops that needs different methods of preservation for the pupils to identify how best to preserved each of them.

Pupil’s Activities – State how best to preserved different farm products.

4. Leads pupils to the discuss the meaning of farm preservation.

Pupil’s Activities – Explain farm preservation.

5. Asks pupils the state the reason for preserving farm produce.

6. Summary each lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – food preservation.

 

NEXT LESSON

First Term Examination Agriculture Exam Questions Primary 4 (Basic 4)

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to:

1. What is food preservation?

2. State 3 ways of preserving foods.

3. Mention 4 importance of preserving farm produce items.

 

WORKBOOK

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST)

1. Preservation of farm produce is the process of keeping farm produce in ______ and from being ______.

A. Bad condition and damage

B. Good condition and damage

C. Good and better

 

2. One of these is not importance of preservation of farm produce.

A. It retains the colour, taste and nutritional value.

B. It prolongs shelf life.

C It increases loss.

 

3. ______ makes farm produce available in area where they are not produced.

A. Preservation

B. Reserves

C. Plenty

 

4. One of the importance of preservation of farm produce.

A. It retains the colour, taste and nutritional value.

B. It reduces shelf life.

C It increases loss.