Soil Types – Characteristics of Sandy Soil | Characteristics of Clay Soil | Characteristics of Loamy Soil Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Agriculture

Last Updated on August 27, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

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AGRICULTURE

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM

WEEK 3

PRIMARY 4

THEME – AGRICULTURE

PREVIOUS LESSON – Land and Soil – Meaning of Land | Meaning (Types) of Soil Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Agriculture

 

TOPIC: CHARACTERISTICS OF SOIL TYPES 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Characteristics of Sandy Soil

3. Characteristics of Clay Soil

4. Characteristics of Loamy Soil

5. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives to –

1. state the characteristics of sandy soil.

2. state the characteristics of clay soil.

3. state the characteristics of loamy soil.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils can identify the different among soil types.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of soil samples – sandy, clayey and loamy.

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METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION

Soil is the upper layer of the earth where plants grow.

It is one of the essential components of land.

It consists of particles of rock, different kinds of soil and organic material.

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF SANDY SOIL

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1. It has large, loosely packed particles.

2. It does not hold water.

3. It is rough when rubbed between fingers.

4. Crops do not grow well on sandy soil.

5. Sandy soils are light brown.

 

LESSON 2 – CHARACTERISTICS OF CLAY SOIL

1. It has small and closely packed particles.

2. It is smooth when dry and sticky when wet.

3. It can hold a lot of nutrients.

4. It does not allow air and water through it.

5. It can hold water.

6. Most crops do not grow well on it.

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF LOAMY SOIL

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1. It is very fertile.

2. It contains different minerals and nutrients.

3. It has good drainage capability.

4. It is consistency.

 

LESSON 3 – SUMMARY AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST) 

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Collects soil samples to show their characteristics.

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Pupil’s Activities – Observe and identify soil types.

3. Performs simple soil experiments to show their properties.

Pupil’s Activities – Collect different soil types and note their differences.

4. Collects samples of fertile soil (loamy) and non – fertile soil (sandy) in separate pots.

5. Plants maize in the pots to illustrate effect of soil fertility level on the particles.

Pupil’s Activities – Participate in carrying out the experiments set up by the teacher.

6. Summary the lesson on the board.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy as the teacher writes.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson – characteristics of types of soil.

 

NEXT LESSON

Process of Formation of Soil | How Soils are Formed | Factors of Soil Formation Primary 4 (Basic 4) – Agriculture

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Ask pupils to –

State one characteristics of:

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1. Sandy soil

2. Clay soil

3. Loamy soil

 

 

WORKBOOK – CHARACTERISTICS OF SOIL TYPES 

WEEKLY ASSESSMENT(Test l)

1. ______ is a loose soil and crops do not grow well on it.

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

2. ______ is smooth when dry and sticky when wet.

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

3. ______ is very fertile and contains different minerals and nutrients.

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

4. What is the best soil for moulding?

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

5. What is the best soil for farming?

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A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

6. What is the best soil building and construction?

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

7. Sandy soil is ______ when rubbed between fingers.

A. smooth

B. moderate

C. rough

 

8. Crops do not grow well on sandy soil.

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

9. Sandy soils are ______.

A. light brown

B. dark brown

C. light dark

 

10. ______ does not hold water.

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A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

11. It is ______ when dry and sticky when wet.

A. smooth

B. moderate

C. rough

 

12. ______ does not allow air and water through it.

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

13. ______ contains different minerals and nutrients.

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

14. ______ has good drainage capability.

A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil

 

15. Most crops do not grow well on ______.

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A. Clay soil

B. Loamy soil

C. Sandy soil