Living and Non Living Things – Identification and Characteristics of Living and Non Living Things (Primary 6)

 

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

FIRST TERM

WEEK 7

PRIMARY 6

THEME: LIVING AND NON – LIVING THINGS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – 

TOPIC: LIVING AND NON – LIVING THINGS 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Identification and Characteristics Living Things

2. Identification and Characteristics of Non Living Things

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:

1. identify self as a living thing.

2. identify other living and non – living things in the classroom, school and at home.

3. identify the characteristics of living and non – living things.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOR 

The pupils are required to already have learned living and non – living things in their previous classes.

Pupils often have difficulty characterising things as living or non – living. They may describe anything that moves as alive.

They also may not understand the cycle of life (birth, growth and death) and may therefore Classify as non – living anything that has died.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

Charts

Posters

Video films

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Books

All Relevant Material

Online Information – Living and Non Living Things – Identification and Characteristics of Living and Non Living Things ASEI PDSI METHOD (Primary 6)

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION 

Living things are things that are alive. People, animals and plants are living things. They need air, water, and food to stay alive.

Non – living things are things that cannot grow, move, breathe and reproduce. They do not have any kind of life in them.

 

LIVING LIVING 

Living things are things that are alive. People, animals and plants are living things.

They need air, water, and food to stay alive.

 

 

EXAMPLES OF LIVING THINGS

1. Man

2. Plant 

3. Animal, etc. 

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS

1. Feeding 

All living organism need to take substance from their environment to obtain energy to grow and stay healthy.

 

2.  Movement

People move, birds fly, fish swim and plant move (by wind, water, activities of man and animal).

 

3. Growth

Human child, young plant and animals grows into an adult human, plant and animal.

 

4. Reproduce and have young

People have babies. Chicken lays eggs and a chick hatches from an egg. Cow have calf. Plants have seeds and grow new plants or man transplants to grow new ones.

 

5. Breathing and respiration 

Man and animals breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide.

 

6. Sensitivity

People and animals react to changes around them. They react to touch, light, heat, cold, sound, and so on.

 

7. Excretion 

The removal of waste from is body. Waste in the body is poisonous. Urine is a waste. What we breathe out is a waste.

 

 

LESSON TWO – NON – LIVING THING

Non – living things are things that cannot grow, move, breathe and reproduce. They do not have any kind of life in them.

 

EXAMPLES OF NON – LIVING 

1. Book

2. Bucket

3. Water, etc.

 

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF NON LIVING THINGS 

Non – living things are things that are not alive. They do not need air, food or water. They do not move, grow and reproduce.

 

LESSON THREE – LESSON EVALUATION/ASSIGNMENT 

Using appropriate examples, differentiate between living and non living things.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Initiates and guides discussions on characteristics of living things and non – living things;

Pupil’s Activities – Differentiate between living and non – living things.

3. Takes pupils for nature walk to observe activities of living things;

Pupil’s Activities – observe and collect living and non – living materials in their school surroundings.

4. Shows films illustrating activities e.g. movement, feeding, reproduction, etc.

Pupil’s Activities – Recognize different types of movement, feeding and reproduction.

Pupil’s Activities – Copy board summary.

 

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
  • Next Lesson –

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to:

1 name four examples of living and non – living things.

2. state four differences between living and non – living things.

3. list four characteristics of living and non – living things.

4. describe self as a living thing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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