Meaning of Agriculture – Components of Agriculture (Primary 6)

Last Updated on November 19, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

 

AGRICULTURE 

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES 

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 3 

PRIMARY 5

THEME – AGRICULTURE 

PREVIOUS LESSON – Meaning of Agriculture (Primary 6)

TOPIC: MEANING OF AGRICULTURE 

LEARNING AREA 

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning of Agriculture

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to –

define agriculture.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR 

Growing of crops and rearing of animals.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of –

sample and chart of agricultural products.

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

Course Book

All Relevant Material

Online Information

 

WRITING INSTRUCTION 

Copy as I write or draw as I need. This instruction should be given when you need the pupils to write or draw. 

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITIES 

Teacher’s Activities – Based on the previous lesson – Meaning of Agriculture (Primary 6), ask the pupils to define agriculture and state the components of agriculture.

Pupil’s Activities – Agriculture can be define as the growing of crops, rearing of animals, processing and selling of agricultural products for the benefit of man (for man’s use).

There are four components of agriculture as stated in its meaning.

Growing or planting of crops. For examples – planting of rice, bean, yam, cocoa, banana, etc.

 

 

Rearing of animals. For examples – goat, sheep, horse, camel, etc. Processing of agricultural products. Selling of agricultural products.

Teacher’s remark – Give a great cheer for the the previous lesson review and discuss in details, the components of agriculture.

 

COMPONENTS OF AGRICULTURE

1. GROWING/PLANTING OF CROPS

There are two types of crops – food and cash crop.

Food crops consist of grain, legumes, vegetables, fruits and seeds. They are produced for immediate consumption.

  • Grain crops are maize, guinea corn, millets, etc.
  • Legume crops are soybean, pea, peanut, cowpea, etc.
  • Vegetable crops are tomato, cabbage, okro, pepper, onion, carrot, etc.
  • Fruit crops are orange, mango, pawpaw, apple, pineapple, banana, etc.

 

Cash crops are economic crops. These crops may require further processing before consumption. Cocoa, sugarcane, cashew, groundnut, etc. They are grown for commercial purposes.

 

2. REARING OF ANIMALS

There are two types of animals – domestic and wild animals. Some of these animals live in water while others live on land. Animals are rear for personal, labor and commercial purposes.

  • Domestic animals are animals rear at home or on farm land. For examples – sheep, goat, chicken, birds, fish, horse, etc.
  • Wild animals are animals in the wild such lion, tiger, elephant, shark, crocodile, alligator, etc.

 

3. PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

Some agricultural products are not in their finish state. They require further processing into final or consumable goods or products.

Agricultural products can also be package, brand or rebranding. For examples – fish and sardine, meat and corned beef, cocoa  and bourvita or milo, groundnut and ground oil, cotton and cloth, animal skin and shoe, belt or bag, wheat and bread, etc.

 

 

4.SELLING OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

This is also known as agriculture marketing. It involves buying and selling agricultural products.

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

1. Guides the pupils to discuss different parts of agriculture.

Pupil’s Activities – Pupils discuss different parts of agriculture.

2. Give a board summary;

Pupil’s Activities – Copy board summary.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to –

1. review the definition of agriculture based on the previous lesson.

2. discussion in details, the components of agriculture.

 

WORK BOOKS (ASSESSMENT) 

Attempt all the questions. 

 

1. There are ______ components of agriculture.

A. 3

B. 4

C. 5

 

 

Mention 2 types of crops.

2.______________________

3. ______________________

 

___________4___________ and ___________5___________ are types of agriculture.

 

6. What is processing of agricultural products?

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

 

7. ______________________ involves buying and selling agricultural products.

 

8. What is the different between cash and food crops?

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

 

9. Differentiate between domestic and wild animals?

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

 

 

10. What is agriculture?

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

 

 

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