Meaning and Kinds of Food (Primary 4)

Last Updated on July 15, 2020 by Alabi M. S.

 

 

 

HOME ECONOMICS

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 9

PRIMARY 4

THEME – 

PREVIOUS LESSON – PRACTICAL DEMONSTRATION ON CARE OF TOILET 

TOPIC – MEANING AND KINDS OF FOOD

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

  1. define food.
  2. state reasons for eating food.

 

 

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

  1. Charts on food groups.
  2. Real food items.
  3. Charts on food nutrients, sources and functions.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

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CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

 

INTRODUCTION 

MEANING OF FOOD 

Foods are solid or liquid substances that gives essential nutrients to the body. There are different kind food. Some are in solid form while others are in liquid. Example of solid foods are rice, bean, eba, fufu, etc. While liquid foods are pap, custard, tea, juice, etc. Fruits are in both solid and liquid forms.

 

CLASSIFICATION OF FOODS AND THEIR SOURCES

BODY BUILDING FOOD

Food that helps the body to grow and repair the worm out tissue is called protein. Protein is a body building food.

Source of body building food includes – bean, meat, fish, eggs, cheese, milk, etc.

 

ENERGY GIVING FOOD 

Energy giving foods are known as carbohydrate. It keeps the body warm and energy to the body.

Source of energy giving food includes – yam, rice, bread, garri (eba), cocoyam, etc.

 

BODY PROTECTOR FOOD 

Vitamins and minerals are body protector foods. They fight against the diseases in the body.

Source of body protector food includes – fruits, vegetables, milk, eggs, liver, fish, etc.

 

 

 

 

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Asks pupils to define food and states reasons for eating of food.
  3. Pupil’s Activities – Define food and states reasons for eating of food.
  4. Gives a board summary.
  5. Pupil’s Activities – Copy the board summary.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

 

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to attempt all the questions on the 

 

WORK BOOK (WEEKLY ASSIGNMENT) 

 

1. __________________ are substances that gives essential nutrients to the body.

 

A. Water

B. Food

C. Rice

 

2. Food substances are __________________ and __________________.

 

A. Bread and bean

B. Food and water

C. Solid and liquid

 

3. __________________ and __________________ are good examples of food.

 

A. Rice and beans

B. Bread and tea

C. A and B

 

4. __________________ is a energy giving food.

 

A. Protein

B. Carbohydrate

C. Minerals and vitamins

 

5. __________________ is a body building food.

 

A. Protein

B. Carbohydrate

C. Minerals and vitamins

 

6. __________________ is fight against the diseases in the body.

 

A. Protein

B. Carbohydrate

C. Minerals and vitamins

 

 

 

 

7. Define food.

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

 

Give 3 reasons for eating food.

 

8. ________________________________________

9. ________________________________________

10. ________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

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