Food (Types and Uses) – Primary 4

 

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

SECOND TERM 

WEEK 9

PRIMARY 4

THEME –  CLASSIFICATION OF FOOD 

 PREVIOUS LESSON – THE FEEDING SYSTEM – TEETH, TONGUE AND LIPS

TOPIC – TYPES AND USES OF FOOD

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. define food.

2. name the different types of food.

3. identify food materials in their homes.

4. classify foods as carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and oil.

 

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of food chart showing various food items – yam, potatoes, pepper, vegetables, etc.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 1 – WHAT ARE YOUR FAVORITE FOODS 

  1. Rice and beans
  2. Indomine and egg
  3. Plantain and beans
  4. Rice and plantain with stew
  5. Pounded yam with egusi soup

 

PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 2 – STATE THE REASONS FOR EATING FOOD 

We eat for the following reasons –

  1. Energy
  2. Growth
  3. Preventing disease
  4. Fighting disease
  5. Cleaning
  6. Social enjoyment

 

PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 3 – EXPLAIN WHAT FOOD IS 

Foods are nourishing substance that we eat and drink, or taken into the body for healthy living.

 

Teacher’s remark – Support the pupil’s definition. 

 

 

TEACHER’S/PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 4 – CLASSIFICATION OF FOOD

  • Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are energy given food and found in food like rice, noodles, bread and other products that have grains.

 

  • Fats and oils 

Fats and oils are for growth and function normally and help with tissue growth. They are found in foods like meat, fish, whole eggs, vegetables, nuts.

 

  • Minerals

Minerals are Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium and Zinc. Minerals can be found meat, fish, poultry, grains.

 

  • Proteins

Proteins are for growth, maintain or repair tissues and found in food like rice, beans, dairy products, fish, meat, eggs.

 

  • Vitamins

Vitamins help to regulate and boost immune system of the body. They can be found in almost any product on the Earth.

 

  • Water

Water support life and needed on regular basis.

 

 

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Allows pupils to suggest reasons for eating food.

Pupil’s Activities – Suggest reasons for eating food.

3. Guides pupils to mention various types of food.

Pupil’s Activities –  Mention various types of food.

4. Guides pupils to classify these food.

Pupil’s Activities – Classify food according to their group.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

  1. state the meaning of food.
  2. list three (3) food items in home.
  3. give an example of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, fats and oils.
  4. state three (3) reasons for eating food.

 

 

 

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