Human Reproduction – Meaning of Menstruation, Menstrual Hygiene (Cleanliness of During Menstruation), Meaning and Signs of Ovulation, Fertilization and Conception JSS 1 (Basic 7) – Basic Science

Last Updated on March 9, 2021 by Alabi M. S.

 

BASIC SCIENCE 

WEEK 1

THIRD TERM

JSS 1 (BASIC 7)

THEME: REPRODUCTION

PREVIOUS LESSON – First Term Examination Basic Science Basic 7 (JSS 1)

 

TOPIC – HUMAN REPRODUCTION 

 

LEARNING AREA

1. Introductory Activities

2. Meaning of Menstruation and Menstrual Hygiene – Cleanliness During Menstruation

3. Meaning of Ovulation

4. Signs of Ovulation

5. Difficulty in Predicting the Ovulation Period

6. Fertilization and Conception

7. Lesson Evaluation and Weekly Assessment (Test)

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the students should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. define menstruation, ovulation, fertilization and conception.

2. state ways of maintaining hygiene and cleanliness during menstruation period.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

The students can identify reproductive organs in males and females.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Charts showing menstrual cycle

 

 

2. Sanitary pads

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information – Human Reproduction – Meaning of Pregnancy, Symptoms of Pregnancy and Where to get help and Stages of Pregnancy (JSS 1)

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

LESSON 1 – INTRODUCTION 

Puberty is the stage of development in child’s body mature into young adults. Development of breast and menstruation is one of the signs of puberty in girls.

 

INTRODUCTORY QUESTION

  • What do you understand by menstruation?
  • State the importance of cleanliness during menstruation and define menstrual hygiene.

 

MEANING OF MENSTRUATION 

Menstruation is a period of flow (blood) in girl or woman between 2 to 7 days.

 

 

A period is when blood comes out through a girl’s vagina.

 

MEANING OF MENSTRUAL HYGIENE 

This is known as cleanliness during menstruation.

Menstrual hygiene is the use of clean materials to absorb menstrual blood and changed as soon as possible during menstruation.

That is, cleanliness of the materials used and of the body.

 

LESSON 2 – MEANING OF OVULATION 

Ovulation is the release of eggs from woman’s ovaries or the release of eggs during menstruation.

Ovulation is a part of your menstrual cycle and only happens when an egg is released woman’s ovaries.

 

SIGNS OF OVULATION 

1. Increase sexual desire.

2. Change in basal body temperature.

3. Breast Tenderness

4. Sharp pain in the lower abdomen.

5. Chance of getting pregnant.

 

DIFFICULTY IN PREDICTING THE OVULATION PERIOD 

Ovulation typically happens around day 14 of a 28-day menstrual cycle. However, not everyone has a textbook 28-day cycle, so the exact timing can vary.

In general, ovulation occurs in the four days before or four days after your cycle’s midpoint.

 

MEANING OF FERTILIZATION AND CONCEPTION 

Fertilization is the joining together of the male’s sperm to the female’s ovum (eggs). That’s, the union of male’s sperms and female’s eggs.

Conception is the period when the sperms swim from male’s penis to through the female’s virginal into the uterus of woman to join with the woman’s eggs.

 

LESSON 3 – REVISION AND WEEKLY ASSESSMENT (TEST) 

 

ASSIGNMENTS

1. explain pregnancy.

 

 

2. describe symptoms of pregnancy and where to get help.

3. explain the growth of foetus (from stage by stage till birth).

 

PRESENTATION

To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions;

2. Asks the students what they understand by menstruation.

Student’s Activities – Explain the meaning of menstruation.

3. Ask the students to state the importance of cleanliness during menstruation and define menstrual hygiene.

Student’s Activities – State the importance of cleanliness during menstruation.

4. Discusses the meaning and signs of ovulation with the students

Student’s Activities – Participate in the discussion.

5. Explains the different between fertilization and conception.

Student’s Activities – Differentiate between fertilization and conception.

 

CONCLUSION

To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

NEXT LESSON 

Human Reproduction – Meaning of Pregnancy, Symptoms of Pregnancy and Where to get help and Stages of Pregnancy JSS 1 (Basic 7) – Basic Science

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Ask students to:

define –

1. menstruation

2. ovulation

 

 

3. fertilization

4. conception

5. state ways of maintaining hygiene and cleanliness during menstruation period.

6. explain the difficulty in predicting ovulation period.

7. explain fertilization and conception.

 

 

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