BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
THEME – LEARNING
PREVIOUS LESSON – Measurement of Time (Primary 3)
TOPIC – PLANTS AND ANIMALS
1. Characteristics of Living and Non Living
2. Plants as a Living Things
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –
1. differentiate between living and non living things.
2. give reasons why animals are living things.
Plants and animals
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of specimen of plants and animals in the localities.
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
1. Scheme of Work
2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
3. Course Book
4. All Relevant Material
5. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION
Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Display different pictures of living things and their corresponding non living things, for example – picture of life cat and of a teddy cat for the pupils to identify and discuss their differences.
Listen to them as they mentioned the characteristics of living and non living or identified each as living and non things.
Teacher’s Activities – Takes the pupils for a walk within or outside the school.
NON LIVING THINGS IN THE SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT
Teacher’s Pupil’s Activities – Asks the pupils to mention all the non living things they can see around?
Non Living Things in the School
3. School bags
7. Computer, phones, etc.
Non Living Things in the School
3. Stove/Gas cooker
6. Chairs and tables
7. Plates and spoons
8. Phones, computer, etc.
MEANING OF NON LIVING THINGS
Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Asks the pupils, what is non living thing?
Living things are things that are alive.
Non living things are things that are not alive.
They do not need air, food or water. They do not move. They do not grow and do not reproduce.
3. Machines, etc.
LESSON TWO – PLANTS AS A LIVING THINGS
Teacher’s/Pupil’s Activities – Takes pupils on a nature walk to identify and observe plants. Also, explains characteristics which the observed plants display on the spot.
CHARACTERISTICS OF PLANTS AS A LIVING THINGS
Plants can move from one place to another either wind, water or man and human activities.
Plants eat (feed) on organic manure.
Plants breath in carbon oxide and breath out oxygen.
Plants grow in height and size.
Plants reproduce young ones or regenerate themselves.
Plants die and decay.
To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
2. Takes pupils on a nature walk to observe plants (explains characteristics which the observed plants display on the spot).
Pupil’s Activities – Observe plants in their localities.
3. Guides pupils to identify plants as living things. (explain growth, irritability, reproduction as it affects plants).
Pupil’s Activities – Identify plants as living things.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
state three reasons why plants are living things –